Hierarch of Siam 4 (Islam in Thailand)



Shaikh Syam became a famous personality in Court of King Thom third. King assigned him the duty of Prime Minister, SHeikh al Islam and many other duties for the Siam (Thailand). This designation remain in progeny of Sheikh Ahmed Qomi, and this designation is also exists in govt of Thailand. Mourning for Hussein a.s by Shiites in Thailand was started by Sheikh Ahmed Qomi, twice in month of Muharram, even once a group which was anti govt. but that group with the help of groups of Shiites doing mourning, ended the govt. Sheikh had only one son because one died in early age, his son was in charge of the civil affairs. Sheikh's daughter also were serving in king's court and she got married with Agha Muhammad who was a minister of Siam.

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East, Wall, The Sun 8



Orient, Wall and Sun is an Iranian Documantry film in Urdu مشرق ، دیوار ، آفتاب in Persian Shargh, Dewar , Aftab, is about China, this episode is with title " He said, Lets start from School" اس نے کہا مدرسہ سےآغاز کرتے ہیں. Here in this episode we will start from China's Beijing University,  where in 1952, Chinese Govt repealed all rules of education with new Japaneses educational system. In 1985 central Chinese Govt of Communist Party again repealed all rules of education in China and in few years there was in China education for 9 years for every baby was announced necessary. In China , Ministry of Education is real and actual institute to implement educational rules, development of culture and to get best management for future. Chinese says if you have plan for one year then you should get crops and grains, if you have a plan for 10 years then you may get trees, and if you have a plan for 1000 (One Thousands) years then you should train your (Humans) generations. Traveler went to a school in China (School for trainings of 21st Century) where Children were learning English, they also call and repeat traveler's travelogue as Sun, Wall and Orient in respect and honor of traveler. You will visit in this episode dance schools of China where you will get knowledge of different traditional dances of China, as there are many kinds of dance in China i.e. Stilt Walking,Lion Dancing,Chinese Palace Dance,Farmers Dance of China Korean Ethnic Group,Dragon Dancing,sword dance etc. and Traditional Chinese Exercise i.e Tai Chi , Qigong.Chinese are smart, fit and active even in they are last age. You will visit Peking Opera School too, where you will see and know why they are colorful and how they make stylish and colorful faces and how they do acting for their stylish drama.Now in this world, requirements and needs of humans have been changed, now in this age, children only call and understand parents for their own parents and take care nothing for others, same parents think about their children and understand them as their own children. Distinction between people is only for their wealth , so rich people comes up and rise and control all rules and regulations to save the theory of rich people, so if this codition in society will remain for long period then Civil War is Inevitable.Cruelty & Justice contain difference if you will lose control over cruelty then every thing will become out of control. Chinese are smart and they are not rash and Precipitator. 
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East, Wall, The Sun 4



Watch 4th (forth) Episode of Mashriq, Dewar , Aftab (Sharagh, Dewaar, Aaftaab) Iranian TV documentary in Urdu about China and Muslim Community of China, the title of this Episode is Eid, Garden, Lake and Turpan Water System. (Eid , Bahishat, Jheel aur Torfan key Karez) , Meanings of Kashghar is a Home with Several Stories , its Chinese name is Kashi (کاشی۔۔۔ کاشغر) , in Roman Scripts this name was also mentioned as Kashgar, The World's third largest Deseret Taklimakan or Teklimakan, in southwest Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, its an universal truth that travelers become happy when they visit any place far from their homeland and become much happy when they saw there people , places, culture and Love similar to their homeland........ when this film was recorded in Kashghar city there was month of Ramdhan of 1428 Hijri, and 1386 Hijri Shamsi, the month of Ramdhan was at end and now on the next day the Eid festival would be celebrated by Muslims of China (Kashi). You may also visit the ancient streets and buildings of Kashghar city with Cameraman, the traveler of this film went to a mosque where he listened known words of a supplications made by a Kashi Muslim, Wheat bread is common food but rice also used by Kashi People,also see the Tianchi lake also known as Heaven Lake of Tian Shan or Xinjiang, Turpan valley was the place of Caravan,  The Mosque of Kashghar , Id Kah Mosque(عید گاہ مسجد، کاشغر), is biggest mosque in China where on each friday 10000 worshipers come for Friday Prayer. People of Kashi use caps on their heads which reveals their ages and martial status, The technology to construct Karez was also went from Silk Road to China, Visit and appreciate Chinese engineers who made heaven in Deseret with (Karez) water system in Turpan. Karez Museum of Turpan is a place where you will see the secret how they mixed underground paths for water, listen talk by Hasan Ismail who was the Supervisor and Head of Shanghai Islamic Society. Development or Progress should be cause for minimizing of distances, when culture is 
developed then pious Interpretations become the answers of questions , writer of this travelogue wrote that the sisters , daughters and mothers become to offer prayer of Eid in mosques of Kashghar,every body wants to get spiritual place but many gets and many fails, travelogue and narratives should be read by us to know how they got Spiritual Status .................................................................
Must Watch this Episode to Know more!
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Escape From Kufa (Shadow Upon the Sun)



(سايه بر خورشيد) A film depicting 3 women of conviction, ready to answer the call of Hussain (a.s.), but are disheartened with the erratic people of Kufa.
Three women are trying to rescue his wife Hania an idea that gallows on their heads.
Director: Mohammad Taghi Ansari
Producer: Master Hossein Shirazi
Screenwriter: Mohammad Taghi Ansari
Cast: J. Farmer - Afrndnya K. - H. luggage - SJ Mazaheri - R. beings - free math
Running time: 90 minutes
Sound: M. Justice
Sound: Saman Majd desertion
Costume Designer: Mohammad Taghi Ansari
Face processing: Samin seeker
Cinematographer: Hamid Rahim Zadeh
Editor: H. Lavvaf
Music: Muhammad Ali


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Advent of Last Prophet on Earth 1 (Mercy for All Creatures)



New Software Free To Open Youtube and Urdu Movies Site
Muhammad [pbuh], the Master of Prophets, was born in Bani Hashim lane in Makkah on Monday morning, the ninth of Rabi‘ Al-Awwal, the same year of the Elephant Event, and forty years of the reign of Kisra (Khosru Nushirwan), i.e. the twentieth or twenty-second of April, 571 A.D., according to the scholar Muhammad Sulaimân Al-Mansourpuri, and the astrologer Mahmûd Pasha. [Muhadarat Tareekh Al-Umam Al-Islamiyah 1/62; Rahmat-ul-lil'alameen 1/38,39]
Ibn Sa‘d reported that Muhammad’s mother said: “When he was born, there was a light that issued out of my pudendum and lit the palaces of Syria.” Ahmad reported on the authority of ‘Arbadh bin Sariya something similar to this. [Mukhtasar Seerat-ur-Rasool, p.12; Tabaqat Ibn Sa'd 1/63]
It was but controversially reported that significant precursors accompanied his birth: fourteen galleries of Kisra’s palace cracked and rolled down, the Magians’ sacred fire died down and some churches on Lake Sawa sank down and collapsed. [Reported by Al-Baihaqi, but Al-Ghazali didn't approve it - see Fiqh-us-Seerah p.46]
His mother immediately sent someone to inform his grandfather ‘Abdul-Muttalib of the happy event. Happily he came to her, carried him to Al-Ka‘bah, prayed to Allâh and thanked Him. ‘Abdul-Muttalib called the baby Muhammad, a name not then common among the Arabs. He circumcised him on his seventh day as was the custom of the Arabs. [Ibn Hisham 1/159,160; Zad Al-Ma'ad 1/18; Muhadarat Tareekh Al-Umam Al-Islamiyah 1/62]
The first woman who suckled him after his mother was Thuyebah, the concubine of Abu Lahab, with her son, Masrouh. She had suckled Hamzah bin ‘Abdul-Muttalib before and later Abu Salamah bin ‘Abd Al-Asad Al-Makhzumi. [Talqeeh Furoom Ahl-al-Athar p.4; Mukhtasar Seerat-ur-Rasool p.13]

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Allama Iqbal 10 Star of East (Islamic Poet)



Iss Dair-e-Kuhan Mein Hain Gharzmand Poojari
Ranjeeda Button Se Hon To Karte Hain Khuda Yaad
Itching palms, in the old temple of Earth, have the kneelers,
Men who remember their God only when idols are deaf.
Pooja Bhi hai Be-sood, Namazain bhi hain Be-sood
Qismat Hai Gharibon Ki Wohi Nala-o-Faryad
Vain are the Hindu’s rites and vain the Mohammedan’s worship;
Wailing and gnashing of teeth still are the lot of the poor
Hain Garcha Bulandi Mein Amaraat Falak Bous
Har Sheher Haqiqat Mein Hai Weerana’ay Abad
None of earth’s cities in truth is more than a populous desert,
High though their buildings soar, kissing the sky with their roofs.
Allah ! Tera Shukar Ke Ye Khitta-e-Pursouz
Soudagar-e-Yourap Ki Ghulami Se Hai Azad !
Free of enslavement, Allah be thanked, to the huckster of Europe—
Free is this country of ours, scorched in the furnace of Hell.
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Allama Iqbal 9 Star of East (Islamic Poet)




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Allama Iqbal 8 Star of East (Islamic Poet)



Allama Iqbal is regarded as one of the most influential Muslim poet and scholar of the 20th century throughout the Muslim World. His concept of Islamic revival did not only lead to the creation of Pakistan, but also the Iranian Revolution which he had prophesied. His works were also influential during the breaking up of the central Asian former Soviet republics, most of which were Muslim majority. Allama Iqbal's poetry has also been translated into several European languages where his works were famous during the early part of the 20th Century. He lives on through the various organizations dedicated to his works throughout the world. He lives among Iran as one of the greatest Persian Poets ever, in Pakistan as the greatest Urdu poet of all time and is regarded as the national poet and hero, who was the bases of the creation of the first Muslim Nation.
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Allama Iqbal 7 Star of East (Islamic Poet)



Iqbal is commemorated widely in Pakistan, where he is regarded as the ideological founder of the state. His Tarana-e-Hind is a song that is widely used in India as a patriotic song speaking of communal harmony. His birthday is annually commemorated in Pakistan as Iqbal Day and is a national holiday. For a long time, Iqbal's actual date of birth remained disputed, with many believing February 23 to be the date of Iqbal's birth. On February 1, 1974 a Pakistani government committee officially declared Iqbal's date of birth to be November 9. Iqbal is the namesake of many public institutions, including the Allama Iqbal Medical College,Lahore, Allama Iqbal Open University and the Allama Iqbal International Airport in Lahore — the second-busiest airport in the nation. Government and public organizations have sponsored the establishment of colleges and schools dedicated to Iqbal, and have established the Iqbal Academy to research, teach and preserve the works, literature and philosophy of Iqbal.
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Allama Iqbal 6 Star of East (Islamic Poet)



Some historians postulate that Jinnah always remained hopeful for an agreement with the Congress and never fully desired the partition of India. Iqbal's close correspondence with Jinnah is speculated by some historians as having been responsible for Jinnah's embrace of the idea of Pakistan. Iqbal elucidated to Jinnah his vision of a separate Muslim state in a letter sent on June 21, 1937:"A separate federation of Muslim Provinces, reformed on the lines I have suggested above, is the only course by which we can secure a peaceful India and save Muslims from the domination of Non-Muslims. Why should not the Muslims of North-West India and Bengal be considered as nations entitled to self-determination just as other nations in India and outside India are."Iqbal, serving as president of the Punjab Muslim League, criticized Jinnah's political actions, including a political agreement with Punjabi leader Sir Sikandar Hyat Khan, whom Iqbal saw as a representative of feudal classes and not committed to Islam as the core political philosophy. Nevertheless, Iqbal worked constantly to encourage Muslim leaders and masses to support Jinnah and the League.
Speaking about the political future of Muslims in India, Iqbal said:"There is only one way out. Muslims should strengthen Jinnah's hands. They should join the Muslim League. Indian question, as is now being solved, can be countered by our united front against both the Hindus and the English. Without it, our demands are not going to be accepted. People say our demands smack of communalism. This is sheer propaganda. These demands relate to the defense of our national existence.... The united front can be formed under the leadership of the Muslim League. And the Muslim League can succeed only on account of Jinnah. Now none but Jinnah is capable of leading the Muslims."
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Al Beruni (Biography of Abu Rehan Al Beruni)



Al Beruni, the great master of earths, history, languages, math and palmistry was a great Muslim scientist and scholar. Biography of Abu Rehan Al Beruni is as given below. Al Beruni was born on 3 zilhaj 362 hijri, September 4 year 973. Mohammad Bin Ahmad Al Khuarzmi Al Beruni was his full name. He was born in an outside village of Geneva (Khuarzm) which was a state of central Asia. Abu Nasar Mansoor Bin Ali the son of the king of Khuarzm Ahmad Bin Mohammad’s uncle adopted Al Beruni and educated him as well. After some time when the kingdom of Iraq fell down, Al Beruni left the country and moved to the shrine of Qaboos Bin Washamgeer in the state Jarjan. He wrote his first great book while staying in Jarjan named “Asar Al Baqia” in the year 1000. When the severe situation was controlled in Khuarzm, Al Beruni returned from Jarjan and started living in the shrine of Ali Bin Mammon. He also met Bu Ali Sina there. Both were the great scholars of that time. After the death of Ali Bin Mammon, they moved to the shrine of Mmmon’s brother Abu Al Abbas Mammon in year 1009 until he was murdered in year 1016 and Mahmood Ghaznavi take over the Khuarzm to under his kingdom. After that, Al Beruni went to Hindoostan and learned their ancient knowledge, which was considered very difficult to get. He also learned the Sanskirt language of Hindoos. At this time, hindoos were on the peak of the knowledge and it was impossible to learn it but Al Beruni amazed Indians by getting their knowledge and he also translated their religious book “Bhagwat Gita” into Arabic. He also wrote a book named “Kitab Al Hind” about Hindu culture. Hindoos were impressed by the knowledge of Al Beruni and gave him the title of “Vidya Sagar” means “ocean of knowledge”. In year 1029, Al Beruni returned from Hindoostan and a year after Mahmood Ghaznavi died. Al Beruni kept related to the shrine of Ghaznavi’s son and died on Rajab 440 Hijri, September 11 year 1048.
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Date of Birth and Death of 14 Stars of Universe

Abu Rehan Muhammad Bin Ahmed Al Beruni (Islamic scientists)

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Religious Buildings And Places of Worship (Buddhism )

100 Years of Struggle for Palestine 5 Last (History of Hizbullah)

 

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Magic History 1 (Jews Satan and Zionists)



Jews say that Prophet Solomon when destroyed many countries who did not worship Allah, there Solomon A.S got many more books of Magic and Solomon A.S learnt Magic from those books and with the help of that magic Prophet Solomon was succeeded to defeat Jinns and Devil
it means that history and basis of Magic in ''Judaism'' , Zionists are very deep, they also use Kibala (Qibala) magic1ساحری اور سامری
Chemistry is also an magic , Muslim scenarist did with chemistry very good and they never tried to do any thing against the Rules of Allah,
but after 17 A.D , Jews started to interfere in Divine rules of Allah.
They did many thing which were not allowed in this world by a human but they and we are doing,,,,,,,
Chemistry, Bio, Physics etc. have some boundaries and lines but they and we have crossed all lines and boundaries, this an documentary in which we will watch history of Cinema, it will show us , How Cinema and Videos making invented and how audio was mixed in Videos and how Zionists are till now using Cinema to achieve their evil purposes, a great informative documentary, Must Watch
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Magic History 2 (Jews Satan and Zionists)

Trip Towards Death 1 Urdu (Livingness, Agedness & Dying)

Trip Towards Death 2 Urdu (Livingness, Agedness & Dying)

Quranic Morals (Values) Solution to Issues of World

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Hazrat Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi R.A



BRIEF FACTS:
Birth Name: Jalaluddin Mohammad Rumi – or Jalaluddin Mohammad Balkhi
Born in: Balkh, Afghanistan on 30th September 1207
Childhood
Hazrat Mawlana Jalaluddin Mohammad Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273) is a 13th-century Persian poet, jurist, theologian and Sufi mystic. He is one of the greatest saints in Islamic history and is well-known in the West for his Sufi poetry, especially his treasury of couplets entitled Masnavi Sharif.
Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] was born on the 6th of Rabiul Awwal in the Islamic Hijri year 604 in Balkh, present-day Afghanistan. His father, Hazrat Bahauddin Walad [, may Allah be pleased with him], was a great Muslim scholar and also a Sufi saint who descends from the lineage of Sayyidina Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq [, may Allah be pleased with him], the first Caliph of Islam.
Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] grew up in this learned household in Afghanistan and became a fully accomplished scholar himself. Eventually, between the years 1215 and 1220, Hazrat Bahauddin Walad, with his whole family and a group of disciples, set out westwards. They peformed Hajj and then proceeded on their journey.
Life in Turkey
They finally settled in Karaman, Turkey for seven years, where Mawlana Rumi's mother and brother both passed away. In 1225, Mawlana Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman and had two sons: Sultan Walad and Ala-uddin Chalabi. When his wife passed away, Mawlana Rumi married again and had a son, Amir Alim Chalabi, and a daughter, Malakeh Khatun.
On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of Alauddin Keyqobad, ruler of Anatolia, Hazrat Bahauddin Walad finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum.
On the road to Anatolia, Mawlana Rumi encountered one of the most famous mystic Persian poets, by the name of Fariduddin Attar, in the Iranian city of Nishapur, located in the province of Khorasan. Attar immediately recognized Rumi's spiritual eminence. He saw the father walking ahead of the son and said, "Here comes a sea followed by an ocean." He then gave Mawlana Rumi his ‘Asrarnama’, a book about the entanglement of the soul in the material world. This meeting had a deep impact on the eighteen-year-old Mawlana Rumi, and later on became the inspiration for his works.
Eventually, Hazrat Bahauddin Walad became the head of a seminary school (Madrasa) in Konya, Turkey. When he passed away, Mawlana Rumi was only 25 years old and took his father’s place at the head of the school.
One of Hazrat Bahauddin Walad's students, Hazrat Sayyed Burhanuddin Muhaqqiq Termazi, continued to train Mawlana Rumi in the religious and mystical doctrines of Hazrat Rumi's father. For nine years, Rumi practiced Sufism as a disciple of Hazrat Sayyed Burhanuddin until the latter died in 1240 or 1241. Hazrat Rumi's public life then began: he became a teacher who preached in the mosques of Konya and taught his adherents in the Madrasa.
During this period, Mawlana Rumi also travelled to Damascus and is said to have spent four years there.
Meeting with Hazrat Shams Tabrez
However, it was his meeting with the dervish Hazrat Shams Tabrez on 15 November 1244 that completely changed Rumi's life. Hazrat Shams had travelled throughout the Middle East searching and praying for someone who could "endure my company". A voice said to him, "What will you give in return?" and Hazrat Shams replied, "My head!". The voice then said, "The one you seek is Jalaluddin of Konya."
One version of the famous meeting that Mawlana Rumi had with Hazrat Shams Tabrez [, may Allah be pleased with him], was that once Mawlana Rumi was teaching a group of his students and referring to his handwritten books & notes while Hazrat Shams Tabrez happened to come along and asked him about those notes.
Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] replied that the books and notes were beyond the understanding of Hazrat Shams Tabrez. Then Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] continued his class, meanwhile Hazrat Shams Tabrez [, may Allah be pleased with him] threw all the books into a nearby pond of water. The students noticed this and started beating him. This caught the attention of Mawlana Rumi who complained about losing his knowledge. Hazrat Shams Tabrez [, may Allah be pleased with him] replied that he could return the books, so he recited ‘Bismillah’ and retrieved the books from the water, which to everyone’s surprise, were still intact. Seeing this, Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] was amazed and asked how this was possible – to which Hazrat Shams Tabrez replied that such knowledge was beyond that of an external scholar.
Thus began the relationship between Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] and Hazrat Shams Tabrez [, may Allah be pleased with him]. At this stage, Mawlana Rumi is reported to have mostly retired from his public life and spent a lot of time with Hazrat Shams Tabrez [, may Allah be pleased with him]. They would spend days discussing divine issues and Sufi thoughts, to the extent that Mawlana Rumi would not teach his classes or visit his family for long periods of time.
On the night of 5 December 1248, as Hazrat Rumi and Hazrat Shams were talking, Hazrat Shams Tabrez was called to the back door. He went out, never to be seen again. It is rumored that Hazrat Shams Tabrez was murdered; if so, Hazrat Shams indeed gave his head for his mystical friendship with Mawlana Rumi.
Mawlana Rumi's love for, and his bereavement at the death of, Hazrat Shams found their expression in an outpouring of music & poetry, thus he compiled a collection entitled Divan-e-Shams-e-Tabrez. He himself went out searching for Hazrat Shams and journeyed again to Damascus. There, he realized:
"Why should I seek? I am the same as He.
His essence speaks through me.
I have been looking for myself!"
Departure of Mawlana Rumi; Reunion with his Beloved
In December 1273, Mawlana Rumi fell ill; he predicted his own death and composed the well-known ghazal, which begins with the verse:
"How doest thou know what sort of King I have within me as a Companion?
Do not cast thy glance upon my golden face, for I have iron legs."
Mawlana Rumi [, may Allah be pleased with him] passed away & reunited with his Beloved Lord on 5th Jamadiul Aakhir 672 Hijri in Konya Sharif, Turkey. His tomb is near to that of his friend & guide, Hazrat Shams Tabrez [, may Allah be pleased with him] and his body was laid to rest beside his father under a beautiful tomb named Yesil Turbe or ‘the Green Tomb’.
His epitaph written on his tomb reads:
"When we are dead, seek not our tomb in the earth, but find it in the hearts of men."
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Saadi Shirazi, Sheikh Mosleh al-Din



Saadi was born in Shiraz around 1200. He died in Shiraz around 1292. He lost his father in early childhood. With the help of his uncle, Saadi completed his early education in Shiraz. Later he was sent to study in Baghdad at the renowned Nezamiyeh College, where he acquired the traditional learning of Islam.
The unsettled conditions following the Mongol invasion of Persia led him to wander abroad through Anatolia, Syria, Egypt, and Iraq. He also refers in his work to travels in India and Central Asia. Saadi is very much like Marco Polo who traveled in the region from 1271 to 1294. There is a difference, however, between the two. While Marco Polo gravitated to the potentates and the good life, Saadi mingled with the ordinary survivors of the Mongol holocaust. He sat in remote teahouses late into the night and exchanged views with merchants, farmers, preachers, wayfarers, thieves, and Sufi mendicants. For twenty years or more, he continued the same schedule of preaching, advising, learning, honing his sermons, and polishing them into gems illuminating the wisdom and foibles of his people.
When he reappeared in his native Shiraz he was an elderly man. Shiraz, under Atabak Abubakr Sa'd ibn Zangy (1231-60) was enjoying an era of relative tranquility. Saadi was not only welcomed to the city but was respected highly by the ruler and enumerated among the greats of the province. In response, Saadi took his nom de plume from the name of the local prince, Sa'd ibn Zangi, and composed some of his most delightful panegyrics as an initial gesture of gratitude in praise of the ruling house and placed them at the beginning of his Bostan. He seems to have spent the rest of his life in Shiraz.
His best known works are the Bostan (The Orchard) and the Golestan (The Rose Garden). The Bostan is entirely in verse (epic metre) and consists of stories aptly illustrating the standard virtues recommended to Muslims (justice, liberality, modesty, contentment) as well as of reflections on the behaviour of dervishes and their ecstatic practices. The Golestan is mainly in prose and contains stories and personal anecdotes. The text is interspersed with a variety of short poems, containing aphorisms, advice, and humorous reflections. Saadi demonstrates a profound awareness of the absurdity of human existence. The fate of those who depend on the changeable moods of kings is contrasted with the freedom of the dervishes.
For Western students the Bostan and Golestan have a special attraction; but Saadi is also remembered as a great panegyrist and lyricist, the author of a number of masterly general odes portraying human experience, and also of particular odes such as the lament on the fall of Baghdad after the Mongol invasion in 1258. His lyrics are to be found in Ghazaliyat ("Lyrics") and his odes in Qasa'id ("Odes"). He is also known for a number of works in Arabic. The peculiar blend of human kindness and cynicism, humour, and resignation displayed in Saadi's works, together with a tendency to avoid the hard dilemma, make him, to many, the most typical and lovable writer in the world of Iranian culture.
Saadi distinguished between the spiritual and the practical or mundane aspects of life. In his Bostan, for example, spiritual Saadi uses the mundane world as a spring board to propel himself beyond the earthly realms. The images in Bostan are delicate in nature and soothing. In the Golestan, on the other hand, mundane Saadi lowers the spiritual to touch the heart of his fellow wayfarers. Here the images are graphic and, thanks to Saadi's dexterity, remain concrete in the reader's mind. Realistically, too, there is a ring of truth in the division. The Shaykh preaching in the Khaniqah experiences a totally different world than the merchant passing through a town. The unique thing about Saadi is that he embodies both the Sufi Shaykh and the traveling merchant. They are, as he himself puts it, two almond kernels in the same shell.
Saadi's prose style, described as "simple but impossible to imitate" flows quite naturally and effortlessly. Its simplicity, however, is grounded in a semantic web consisting of synonymy, homophony, and oxymoron buttressed by internal rhythm and external rhyme. Iranian authors over the years have failed to imitate its style in their own language, how can foreigners translate it into their own language, no matter what language?
The world honors Saadi today by gracing the entrance to the Hall of Nations in New York with this call for breaking all barriers:
Of one Essence is the human race,
Thusly has Creation put the Base;
One Limb impacted is sufficient,
For all Others to feel the Mace.
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Claude Louis Berthollet Died On 21 July 1822



Claude Louis Berthollet was born in Talloires, near Annecy, then part of the Duchy of Savoy, in 1749.
Berthollet, along with Antoine Lavoisier and others, devised a chemical nomenclature, or a system of names, which serves as the basis of the modern system of naming chemical compounds.
He also carried out research into dyes and bleaches, being first to introduce the use of chlorine gas as a commercial bleach in 1785. He first produced a modern bleaching liquid in 1789 in his laboratory on the quay Javel in Paris, France, by passing chlorine gas through a solution of sodium carbonate. The resulting liquid, known as "Eau de Javel" ("Javel water"), was a weak solution of sodium hypochlorite. Another strong chlorine oxidant and bleach which he investigated and was the first to produce, potassium chlorate (KClO3), is known as Berthollet's Salt.
Bertholett first determined the elemental composition of the gas ammonia, in 1785.
Berthollet was one of the first chemists to recognize the characteristics of a reverse reaction, and hence, chemical equilibrium.
Berthollet was engaged in a long-term battle with another French chemist Joseph Proust on the validity of the law of definite proportions. While Proust believed that chemical compounds are composed of a fixed ratio of their constituent elements irrespective of the methods of production, Berthollet believed that this ratio can change according to the ratio of the reactants initially taken. Although Proust proved his theory by accurate measurements, his theory was not immediately accepted partially due to Berthollet's authority. His law was finally accepted when Berzelius confirmed it in 1811. But it was found later that Berthollet was not completely wrong because there exists a class of compounds that do not obey the law of definite proportions. These non-stoichiometric compounds are also named berthollides in his honor.
Berthollet was one of several scientists who went with Napoleon to Egypt, and was a member of the physics and natural history section of the Institut d'Égypte.
In April, 1789 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. In 1801, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1822.
He died in Arcueil, France in 1822.
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Ayatollah Khomeini Founder of Islamic Republic of Iran



Rouhollah Mousavi Khomeini, who came to be known as Imam Khomeini was born in the small town of Khomein on September 24, 1902 coinciding with the auspicious birth anniversary of Fatima Zahra (PBUH), the daughter of the holy Prophet of Islam Mohammad (PBUH).
His ancestors had migrated from the Iranian city of Neyshabour to Lucknow in northern India. His parental grandfather left Lucknow in 1830 on a pilgrimage to the tomb of Imam Ali in Najaf, where he met a prominent citizen of Khomein and moved there.
Imam Khomeini’s father Seyyed Moustafa began his religious education in Isfahan and continued his studies in Najaf and Samarra. Losing his father when he was five months old, Rouhollah Khomeini was left in the care of his older brother, Seyyed Morteza, when his mother passed away in 1918.
Coming from a family of scholars, the young Rouhollah began to study the Qur’an and elementary Persian at the age of six. He was then sent to the city of Arak (1920-21) to continue his religious studies under the leadership of Ayatollah Abdul Karim Haeri Yazdi.
He then followed Ayatollah Haeri Yazdi to the Qom seminary in 1923 to continue his studies of Islamic law (Sharia), jurisprudence (fiqh), philosophy and mysticism.
He pursued his interest in philosophy under the guidance of Mirza Ali Akbar Yazdi, Javad Aqa Maleki Tabrizi, Rafi'i Qazvini and Mirza Mohammad Ali Shahabadi. He was also influenced by Sufi mystics such as Mulla Sadra and Ibn Arabi.
Ayatollah Khomeini was also interested in literature and poetry and his collection of mystic, political and social poetry was published posthumously.
During the 1930's, Imam Khomeini did not engage in political activities, as he believed that the leading religious scholar of the time, Ayatollah Haeri, should have leadership of political activities. Instead, he dedicated his time to teaching Islamic jurisprudence in Qom, gathering around him students such as Ayatollahs Morteza Motahari and Akbar Hashemi-Rafsanjani and Hojjatoleslam Mohammad Bahonar, who would later become important figures in spreading his message and in the movement, which led to the fall of the Pahlavi dynasty.
As a leading Shia scholar, he taught political philosophy, Islamic history and ethics focusing on the importance of religion in dealing with practical social and political issues of the day.
Ayatollah Khomeini became a Shia Source of Emulation with the passing of Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi in 1961 and gradually entered the political arena.
When in 1962, the government enforced new election laws, which negated the former requirement for newly elected officials to be sworn into office on the holy Qur'an, Ayatollah Khomeini warned the Pahlavi monarch, Mohammad-Reza Shah, against violating the laws of Islam and the Iranian Constitution of 1907.
He cautioned the second Pahlavi that such a move would only lead to a protest campaign headed by the clergy.
Mohammad-Reza Shah announced his White Revolution program of reform in January 1963. The six-point program was an American-inspired package of measures designed to give the Pahlavi regime a liberal and progressive facade.
Ayatollah Khomeini issued a declaration on January 22, 1963 denouncing the Shah and his reform plan.
Imam Khomeini also issued a manifesto listing the various ways in which the Shah had violated the constitution. The manifesto that also bore the signatures of eight other senior scholars condemned the spread of moral corruption in the country, and accused the Shah of comprehensive submission to his American and Israeli masters.
Imam Khomeini delivered a fiery speech at the Feyziyeh School of Islamic Studies on June 3, 1963, warning the Shah that if he did not change his ways the day would come when people would celebrate his departure from the country.
Shah ordered his secret service, SAVAK, to arrest Imam Khomeini two days later and transfer him to the Qasr Prison in Tehran. Masses of angry demonstrators were confronted by tanks and paratroopers after the news of his arrest broke on June 3, in Qom, Tehran, Shiraz, Mashhad and Varamin. It took six days for the Pahlavi regime to restore order and the uprising marked a turning point in Iranian history.
After nineteen days in the Qasr prison, Ayatollah Khomeini was moved first to the 'Eshratabad' military base and then to a house in Tehran where he was kept under surveillance.
He was released on April 7, 1964, and returned to Qom.
Imam Khomeini continued his anti-Pahlavi activities and delivered a speech to denounce the agreement with the United States that provided immunity from prosecution for all American personnel in Iran and their dependents.
He said the agreement was a surrender of Iranian independence and sovereignty, made in exchange for a USD200 million loan that would be of benefit only to the Shah and his associates. He also called all parliament members who voted in favor of the agreement traitors saying that the government lacked legitimacy.
Ayatollah Khomeini was again arrested on November 4, 1964, and taken directly to Tehran’s Mehrabad airport for immediate exile to Turkey. Imam Khomeini left Turkey for Najaf in Iraq on September 5, 1965 where he spent the next thirteen years of his life teaching fiqh.
It was in Najaf that he delivered his famous lectures on Providence of the Jurist, the theory of governance and Islamic leadership.
His exile, however, did not diminish Imam Khomeini’s religious and spiritual influence among the masses. In January 1978 a furious mass protest took place in Qom after an offensive article was published in the semi-official newspaper Ettelaat.
The protest which was suppressed by the security forces was the first in a series of popular confrontations that turned into a vast revolutionary movement, demanding the overthrow of the Pahlavi regime and the installation of an Islamic government.
Ayatollah Khomeini was informed that his continued residence in Iraq was contingent on his abandoning political activity, a condition he rejected.
He left Iraq for Kuwait on October 3, but was refused entry at the border. Ayatollah Khomeini embarked for Paris after a period of hesitation and settled down in the suburb of Neauphle-le-Chateau in a house that had been rented for him by Iranian exiles in France.
Journalists from all around the globe made their way to France, spreading the words of Ayatollah Khomeini in world media.
Imam Khomeini refused to return to Iran until the Shah left the country on January 17, 1979. Two weeks later, he returned to Iran on a chartered Air France airliner on February 1, 1979 and was welcomed by a crowd of at least six million as estimated by ABC News reporter Peter Jennings, who was reporting the event from Tehran.
He introduced Mehdi Bazargan as interim prime minister on February 5, and ordered defiance of the curfew on February 10. The Supreme Military Council withdrew its support from Shah’s appointed Prime Minister Shapour Bakhtiyar on the next day and Shah’s regime collapsed on February 12, 1979.
A nationwide referendum held on March 30 and 31, 1979, resulted in a massive vote in favor of the establishment of an Islamic Republic and Ayatollah Khomeini proclaimed the next day, April 1, 1979, as the "first day of God's government".
The founder of the Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Khomeini, first settled in Qom but was brought to Tehran to receive heart treatment on January 23, 1980. After thirty-nine days in hospital, he settled in the north Tehran suburb of Darband, and on April 22 of the same year he moved into a modest house in Jamaran, from where he governed the country for the rest of his life.
Ayatollah Khomeini passed away on June 3, 1989, eleven days after he was taken to hospital for an operation to stop internal bleeding in May 1989.
As the author of more than 40 books and religious preaching, Imam Khomeini’s ideology reached many across the world.
Millions of mourners gather at the final resting place of the late Imam Khomeini to mark the anniversary of his demise every year. Iranians from across the country travel to the outskirts of the Iranian capital to be part of the commemoration ceremony at the mausoleum of the Founder of the Islamic Republic.
Muslims around the world also hold ceremonies to uphold his call for supporting the oppressed and his efforts to end conflict among Muslims.
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Imam Khomeni (r.a) in Neauphle Chateau, France and Back to Iran

Movement of Imam Khomeini (r.a.) 1 

 Leadership of Imam Khomeini R.A (Urdu)

 Footprint of Friend (Imam Khomeini Mosque in Dushanbe,Tajikistan)

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