East, Wall, The Sun 4



Watch 4th (forth) Episode of Mashriq, Dewar , Aftab (Sharagh, Dewaar, Aaftaab) Iranian TV documentary in Urdu about China and Muslim Community of China, the title of this Episode is Eid, Garden, Lake and Turpan Water System. (Eid , Bahishat, Jheel aur Torfan key Karez) , Meanings of Kashghar is a Home with Several Stories , its Chinese name is Kashi (کاشی۔۔۔ کاشغر) , in Roman Scripts this name was also mentioned as Kashgar, The World's third largest Deseret Taklimakan or Teklimakan, in southwest Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, its an universal truth that travelers become happy when they visit any place far from their homeland and become much happy when they saw there people , places, culture and Love similar to their homeland........ when this film was recorded in Kashghar city there was month of Ramdhan of 1428 Hijri, and 1386 Hijri Shamsi, the month of Ramdhan was at end and now on the next day the Eid festival would be celebrated by Muslims of China (Kashi). You may also visit the ancient streets and buildings of Kashghar city with Cameraman, the traveler of this film went to a mosque where he listened known words of a supplications made by a Kashi Muslim, Wheat bread is common food but rice also used by Kashi People,also see the Tianchi lake also known as Heaven Lake of Tian Shan or Xinjiang, Turpan valley was the place of Caravan,  The Mosque of Kashghar , Id Kah Mosque(عید گاہ مسجد، کاشغر), is biggest mosque in China where on each friday 10000 worshipers come for Friday Prayer. People of Kashi use caps on their heads which reveals their ages and martial status, The technology to construct Karez was also went from Silk Road to China, Visit and appreciate Chinese engineers who made heaven in Deseret with (Karez) water system in Turpan. Karez Museum of Turpan is a place where you will see the secret how they mixed underground paths for water, listen talk by Hasan Ismail who was the Supervisor and Head of Shanghai Islamic Society. Development or Progress should be cause for minimizing of distances, when culture is 
developed then pious Interpretations become the answers of questions , writer of this travelogue wrote that the sisters , daughters and mothers become to offer prayer of Eid in mosques of Kashghar,every body wants to get spiritual place but many gets and many fails, travelogue and narratives should be read by us to know how they got Spiritual Status .................................................................
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Asrar Alam a Scholar of Several Languages & Topics



The investigation leading scholar of Islam in the academic community was a bustling techniques. Scholar of Judaism from sarit exposed as a result of the highly secret corner or in front of the Islamic world. Mysterious world example of our ability linguistics and several alfnun I would hardly contemporaries.Israr Alam from India's Jharkhand state.Delhi was an English magazine editor rydyns. Meanwhile Abu alfzl Enclave in Delhi's Jamia Nagar area famous in it., And the Islamic Fiqh Academy, India would give sermons expansion. Currently in his home town Ranchi live.Mystery scholar is a scholar of several languages ​​simultaneously. Ancient dead languages, Sumerian and other familiar akady.In recent days, his new book about the crisis caused some debate has created some doubts., But apparently all their time authoring activities are terminated.

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My Life For Muhammad PBUH



مغرب نے اسلام کو بیخ و بن سے اکھاڑنے کیلئے جتنا مطالعہ اسلام کا کیا ہے اتنا ہم نے اسلام کا یا انکے ادیان کا نہیں کیا، مستشرقین کی کوششوں سے ہم سب بخوبی واقف ہیں۔
انہوں نے یہ جاننا چاہا کہ ہماری قوت کا راز کیا ہے
ہماری حیات کا سرچشمہ کہاں ہے
انہوں نے کوشش کی کہ ہماری حیات کے سرچشمے بند ہوجائیں اور طویل مطالعہ کے بعد وہ اس نتیجے پر پہنچے کہ تین 3 ایسی چیزیں ہیں جن میں ہماری قوت کا راز پنہاں ہے تقریب فہم کیلئے ہم انہیں چار بھی کہہ سکتے ہیں ، انہوں نے غور و فکر کے بعد رائے قائم کی کہ اگر قوت کے یہ سرچشمے بند ہوجائیں یا ناقابل اعتبار ٹھہرا دئے جائیں یا امت مسلمہ کو ان سے بیگانہ بنا دیا جائے تو اسلام کی موت واقع ہوجائے گی۔ انہوں نے ان چار امور کو جو مسلم معاشرے اور اسلام کی اساس تھے تنقید کا نشانہ بنایا ، انکی تنقیص کی اور انہیں مختلف فیہہ بنانے کی کوشش کی 
انہوں اس بات کی مکمل جدو جہد کی کہ یہ باتیں مسلمانوں میں بحث کا عام موضوع بنا جائیں
وہ چار عناصر درج ذیل ہیں
قرآن
ان میں پہلا عنصر قرآن ہے جو کتاب اللہ اور سرچشمہء ہدائت ہے ، مستشرقین اور دشمنان اسلام کی رائے ہے کہ اگر قرآن کو مقام حجت سے ہٹادیا جائے تو اسلام کی جڑ اکھڑ جائے گی لہذا ان کی کھیپ کی کھیپ اس کام میں مشغول ہوگئی اور ایسی ایسی باتیں ڈھونڈ کر لانے لگے کہ قرآن فرقان اور حجت رہنے کی بجائے قابل بحث بن جائے
محمد صلی اللہ علیہ و آلہ وسلم
دوسرا عنصر ذات رسول اکرم محمد صلعم ہے اللہ کے رسول ہی اصل دین ہیں ، چنانچہ انہوں نے آنحضرت صلعم ذات والا صفات کو ابل بحث بنانے کی کوشش کی ، گذشتہ تین سو سالوں میں انکی پوری کوشش رہی کہ رسول خدا صلعم کی ذات گرامی کو طرح طرح سے متہم کیا جائے ، ان پر کیچڑ اچھالی جائے ، ان سے ایسی ایسی باتیں منسوب کی جائیں اور ایسے ایسے الزام لگائے جائیں کہ (نعوذبااللہ) آپ صلعم کی شخصیت داغدار ہوجائے ، وہ اس بات کیلئے بھی کوشاں رہے کہ مسلمانوں کے درمیاں محمد صلعم کی وہ حیثیعت قائم نہ رہے اور انکی حیثیعت مجروح ہوجائے
سنت مبارکہ صلعم
تیسرا عنصر محمد صلعم کی سنت مبارکہ ہے جو امت کیلئے اسوہ ہے ، انہوں نے اس بات کی کوشش کی کہ سنت امت مسلمہ میں مضحکہ اور حقیر ہوجائے انہوں نے سنت کو ہر طرح کی تنقیص و تنقید کا نشانہ بنایا، اسے تقلید جامد ، خلاف عقل اور دقیانوسی قرار دیا ، انہوں نے سنت پر سختی سے کاربند رہنے والوں کا مذاق اڑایا اور ان پر طعنے کسے کہ وہ عہد وسطیٰ کی جہالت کی طرف پلٹ رہے ہیں
جہاد فی سبیل اللہ
چوتھا عنصر جہاد فی سبیل اللہ ہے جس کے تصور سے ہی مغرب پر لرزہ طاری ہوجاتا ہے ، چنانچہ انہوں نے اسے بدنام کرنے اور وحشیانہ فعل قرار دینے کی بھرپور کوشش کی ، انہوں نے ہر طرح کے حربے اپنائے حتیٰ کہ مسلمانوں کے درمیان ان میں سے ہی ایسے لوگوں کو شہرت دی جو جہاد کو باطل قرار دینا چاہتے تھے
درج بالا بحث سے ہم نتیجہ اخذ کرسکتے ہیں کہ مغربی نظام جس کی باگ دوڑ یہودیوں اور صیہونیوں کے ہاتھوں میں ہے وہ اسلام سے کس قدر خائف اور پریشان ہیں ، اسلام کی تحقیر اور اسکو زوال پذیر بنانے کیلئے انکی ہر طرح کی کوششیں خواہ وہ کسی سطح پر ہوں سب کی سب جامع منصوبہ بند اور سوچی سمجھی ہیں ، سلمان رشدی ہویا تسلیمہ نسرین، پادری ٹیر جونز ہو یا حالیہ گستاخانہ فلم کا امریکی پیشکار نکولا بیسلے نکولا  ، سب کے سب صیہونیوں کے کارکن اور یہودی تعاون کے بل بوتے پر گستاخانہ اقدامات سے امت مسلمہ اور مسیحی دنیا میں فسادات کروانا چاہتے ہیں مزید یہ بھی ممکن ہے کہ وہ امت مسلمہ میں جزو ایمان کی مقدار کا اندازہ قائم کرتے ہیں کہ امت کس حد تک زندہ ہے ، یہ بھی ممکن ہے کہ ایک یہودی تجزیہ نگار (1990 کے سالوں میں) نے اسلامی دنیا کو دبائے رکھنے کے نتیجہ میں پھٹنے والے اتش فشاں سے بچنے اور نپٹنے کیلئے کچھ آراء اور مشوروں پر مبنی ایک کتاب لکھی تھی کہ مسلمانوں کے جذبات جو کہ یہودی اور مغربی دنیا سے نفرت پر مبنی ہیں اور وقت کے ساتھ ساتھ بڑھ رہے ہیں کی نکاسی نہائت ضروری ہے ، انہی تجویزات کو قابل عمل بنایا گیا اور آج مغربی نظام امت مسلمہ کے جذبات کی نکاسی کیلئے اسلام مخلاف ہتھکنڈے استعمال کرتا ہے
  اگر امت مسلمہ کے قائدین ، شیوخ ، علمائے حق پر اسی طرح جمود طاری رہا اور وہ دہرے معیار پر قائم رہے تو وہ دن دور نہیں جب اللہ کانام لینا رسالت کا اقرار کرنا بھی جرم تصور ہوگا
دہرے معیار سے مراد یہ ہے کہ ہم مسلمانان عالم امریکہ اور یہودی و مغربی نطام کے مخالف ہیں،انکی گستاخیوں پر احتجاج بھی کرتے ہیں اور اپنی ہٹ دھرمی پر قائم اپنی دنیاوی آسائشوں سے محروم ہونے کے خوف سے انکی مصنوعات کو دن اور رات استعمال کرتے ہیں ۔
بس اسی دہرے معیار کو ختم کرنے کی ضرورت ہے اور دلوں میں اللہ کی یاد کو تازہ رکھنے کے ساتھ ساتھ محمد صلعم سے محبت کی شمع کو جلانے کی ضرورت ہے تاکہ انکی اسوہء حسنہ کیمطابق عمل کرکے آخرت میں انکی شفاعت سے بہرہ مند ہوں ۔ والسلام
Ashab E Kehef Urdu Men of Cave Full Urdu Movie
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Gustav Ludwig Hertz Born On22 July 1887



Born: 22 July 1887 in Hamburg, Germany
Died: 30 Oct 1975 in Berlin, East Germany
Gustav Hertz's parents were Gustav Hertz and Auguste Arning. Gustav Hertz (senior) was a lawyer who was one of the brothers of Heinrich Hertz, the discoverer of wireless waves, who also has a biography in this archive. Gustav, the subject of this biography, attended the Johanneum Gymnasium in Hamburg as his famous uncle had done about thirty years earlier. He graduated from the Johanneum in 1906 and entered the University of Göttingen to study physics.
As was the custom with German students at this time, Hertz did not complete his studies at a single university, but moved around to sample the best of a number of institutions. After Göttingen, Hertz moved to Munich where he studied at the university before moving to the University of Berlin in 1909 to study for his doctorate. In 1911 he was awarded his doctorate for his thesis Über das ultrarote Absorptionsspektrum der Kohlensäure in seiner Abhängigkeit von Druck und Partialdruck which he had written with Heinrich Rubens and Max Planck as advisors. In his thesis he studied the infrared absorption of carbon dioxide in relation to pressure and partial pressure.
In 1913 Hertz was appointed as an Assistant in Physics at the University of Berlin. At Berlin he worked with James Franck. Franck was five years older than Hertz and had been awarded his doctorate by the University of Berlin in 1909. The two began their joint research project in 1913 and continued it until the outbreak of World War I in July-August 1914. Both Hertz and Franck were mobilised when war broke out and their research collaboration necessarily stopped. However the work they had done led to their being jointly awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1925. Their work confirmed experimentally quantum theory as proposed by Bohr by showing that when an electron strikes an atom of mercury vapour, it must possess a certain minimum energy before that energy is absorbed by the atom. Moreover even if the electron had more than this minimum energy, it was only the exact minimum energy which was absorbed.
The war proved unfortunate for Hertz who was severely wounded in action in 1915. After he recovered he was appointed as a Privatdozent at the University of Berlin in 1917. While holding this post he married Ellen Dihlmann in 1919. They had two sons, Carl Hellmuth Hertz, born on 15 October 1920, and Johannes Hertz who both became physicists. Hertz left Berlin in 1920 and worked for five years in the physics laboratory of the Philips Incandescent Lamp Factory at Eindhoven. In 1925 he was appointed Professor of Physics and Director of the Physics Institute at the University of Halle. After being awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1925, Hertz gave his Nobel lecture on The results of the electron-impact tests in the light of Bohr's theory of atoms on 11 December 1926. In that lecture he gave the background to his highly significant experimental results:-
The significance of investigations on the ionization of atoms by electron impact is due to the fact that they have provided a direct experimental proof of the basic assumptions of Bohr's theory of atoms. ... The fact that atoms are capable of exchanging energy with electromagnetic radiation, led the classical physicists to conclude that atoms must contain moving electrical charges. The oscillations of these charges produce the emission of light radiation, while light absorption was ascribed to forced oscillations of these charges owing to the electrical field of the light waves. On the basis of Lorentz's theory of the normal Zeeman effect, of the magnetic splitting of the spectral lines, it was concluded that these moving charges must be the electrons to which we are acquainted in cathode rays. If only one or several spectral lines were associated with each type of atom, then it might be assumed that the atom contained, for each spectral line, an electron of corresponding characteristic frequency. In reality, however, the number of spectral lines emitted by each atom is infinitely large. The spectral lines are certainly not randomly distributed, on the contrary there exists a certain relationship between their frequencies, but this relationship is such that it is impossible on the basic of classical physics to explain it in terms of the characteristic frequencies of a system of electrons. Here Bohr stepped in with his atomic theory. He applied Planck's quantum theory to the problem of atomic structure and light emission, and thereby greatly extended this theory.
In 1928 he was appointed Director of Physics Institute, Charlottenburg Technological University, Berlin. His main task now was less involved with research and more on the administrative side as he worked to rebuild the the Physics Institute. He did, however, continued at undertake research and, in 1932, he made another significant breakthrough when he devised a method of separating the isotopes of neon. He had a grandfather was was Jewish and so when the Nazi Party came to power in 1933 his position became difficult. On 7 April 1933 the Nazis passed a law which, under clause three, ordered the retirement of civil servants who were not of Aryan descent, with exemptions for participants in World War I and pre-war officials. Hertz qualified under the exemptions, but this was not honoured over the following period. Hertz resigned his positions at the Technological University of Berlin in 1935 and returned to industry being appointed Director of the Siemens physics laboratory. In 1941 Hertz's wife Ellen died. He married again two years later to Charlotte Jollasse.
When the war ended in 1945 Hertz went to the Soviet Union where he worked as the head of a research laboratory. Returning to East Germany in 1954, he was appointed Professor and Director of the Physics Institute at the Karl Marx University in Leipzig. He held this position until he retired in 1961. After he retired he continued to live for a while in Leipzig, but then moved to Berlin where he spent the last years of his life.
Hertz received many honours in addition to the 1925 Nobel Prize in Physics. As with the Nobel Prize, he received the Max Planck Medal of the German Physical Society in 1951 jointly with James Franck. In addition he was elected to the Göttingen Academy of Sciences, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the Czech Academy of Sciences, and the USSR Academy of Sciences.
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Claude Louis Berthollet Died On 21 July 1822



Claude Louis Berthollet was born in Talloires, near Annecy, then part of the Duchy of Savoy, in 1749.
Berthollet, along with Antoine Lavoisier and others, devised a chemical nomenclature, or a system of names, which serves as the basis of the modern system of naming chemical compounds.
He also carried out research into dyes and bleaches, being first to introduce the use of chlorine gas as a commercial bleach in 1785. He first produced a modern bleaching liquid in 1789 in his laboratory on the quay Javel in Paris, France, by passing chlorine gas through a solution of sodium carbonate. The resulting liquid, known as "Eau de Javel" ("Javel water"), was a weak solution of sodium hypochlorite. Another strong chlorine oxidant and bleach which he investigated and was the first to produce, potassium chlorate (KClO3), is known as Berthollet's Salt.
Bertholett first determined the elemental composition of the gas ammonia, in 1785.
Berthollet was one of the first chemists to recognize the characteristics of a reverse reaction, and hence, chemical equilibrium.
Berthollet was engaged in a long-term battle with another French chemist Joseph Proust on the validity of the law of definite proportions. While Proust believed that chemical compounds are composed of a fixed ratio of their constituent elements irrespective of the methods of production, Berthollet believed that this ratio can change according to the ratio of the reactants initially taken. Although Proust proved his theory by accurate measurements, his theory was not immediately accepted partially due to Berthollet's authority. His law was finally accepted when Berzelius confirmed it in 1811. But it was found later that Berthollet was not completely wrong because there exists a class of compounds that do not obey the law of definite proportions. These non-stoichiometric compounds are also named berthollides in his honor.
Berthollet was one of several scientists who went with Napoleon to Egypt, and was a member of the physics and natural history section of the Institut d'Égypte.
In April, 1789 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of London. In 1801, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1822.
He died in Arcueil, France in 1822.
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Ernest Rutherford Biography (Atomic Theory)



Chemist and physicist Ernest Rutherford was born August 30, 1871, in Spring Grove, New Zealand. A pioneer of nuclear physics and the first to split the atom, Rutherford was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his theory of atomic structure. Dubbed the “Father of the Nuclear Age,” Rutherford died in Cambridge, England, on October 19, 1937 of a strangulated hernia.
In 1895, as the first research student at the University of Cambridge’s Cavendish Laboratory in London, Rutherford identified a simpler and more commercially viable means of detecting radio waves than had been previously established by German physicist Heinrich Hertz.
Also while at Cavendish Laboratory, Rutherford was invited by Professor J.J. Thomson to collaborate on a study of X-rays. German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen had discovered X-rays just months before Rutherford arrived at Cavendish, and X-rays were a hot topic among research scientists. Together, Rutherford and Thomson studied the effects of X-rays on the conductivity of gases, resulting in a paper about dividing atoms and molecules into ions. While Thomson went on to examine what would
Rutherford was awarded with countless honors during his career, including several honorary degrees and fellowships from organizations such as the Institution of Electrical Engineers. In 1914 he was knighted. In 1931, he was elevated to the peerage, and granted the title Baron Rutherford of Nelson. He was also elected president of the Institute of Physics that same year.
On October 19, 1937, Baron Rutherford died in Cambridge, England at age 66 from the complications of a strangulated hernia. The scientist, who had been nicknamed “Crocodile” by his colleagues for always looking ahead, was buried at Westminster Abbey.
Years before he died, during World War I, Rutherford said he hoped scientists would not learn how to extract atomic energy until “man was living at peace with his neighbors.” The discovery of nuclear fission was, in fact, made just two years after his death, and eventually resulted in what Rutherford had feared—the use of nuclear power to build wartime weapons.
Many of Rutherford’s discoveries also became the basis of the European Organization for Nuclear Research’s construction of the Large Hadron Collider. The largest and highest-energy particle accelerator in the world and decades in the making,
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Literary Ambassadors of Iran at the United Nations Office at Vienna



Statues of four Iranian luminaries were unveiled during a ceremony at the United Nations Office at Vienna
Iran’s ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency, Ali-Asghar Soltanieh, and several other Iranian and foreign diplomats attended the unveiling ceremony for the statues of Avicenna, Abu Rayhan Biruni, Zakariya Razi (Rhazes), and Omar Khayyam.
“The idea was proposed by Iran’s representative at the UN Office at Vienna and was realized with the cooperation of Iran’s Cultural Heritage, Tourism and Handicrafts Organization (CHTHO). The process of making the statues began two years ago,” Soltanieh told the Persian service of IRNA.
“The statues were completed last week and were transferred to the open space of the UN office. The date for the unveiling was also discussed with (members of) several organizations, including the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) and the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and finally the day June 9 was selected.”
The four statues are the symbols of Iranians’ adventurous spirit over the centuries and they are gifts from the Iranian nation to the world, Soltanieh added.
Abu Ali al-Husayn ibn Sina, known as Abu Ali Sina and commonly known in English by his Latinized name Avicenna was born c. 980 near Bukhara, in contemporary Uzbekistan, and died in 1037 in Hamedan, Iran. He was a Persian polymath and the foremost physician and philosopher of his time. He was also an astronomer, chemist, geologist, logician, paleontologist, mathematician, physicist, poet, psychologist, scientist, soldier, statesman, and teacher.
The Muslim physician and writer Abu Bakr Muhammed ibn Zakariya Razi (854?-925?), also known as Rhazes, whose medical writings greatly influenced the Islamic world and Western Europe in the Middle Ages, was born and died in Rey. He wrote on almost every aspect of medicine.
Omar Khayyam (1048-1123) is chiefly known to English-speaking readers through the translation of a collection of his quatrains in “The Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam” (1859), by the English writer Edward Fitzgerald.
Abu Rayhan Biruni (973-ca. 1048) was a Muslim astronomer, mathematician, geographer, and historian.
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History of Islamic Medicine 26



1. Arkan (Elements)
"Arkan " are simple bodies, which account for original constituents of human and non-human beings. They include fire , air , water and soil .
2- Mizaj (Physical Temperament)
Physical temperament is a product of combination of elements. Under a classification, physical temperaments fall into two categories.
A. Moderate
B. Immoderate
A. Moderate temperament in turn falls into two categories.
q Real moderate is a temperament in which the amount of qualities or quantities, which run counter to each other, is equal.
q Hypothetical moderate includes all those temperaments, which are not real.
Real moderate is a non-existent. What philosophers call Moderate is in fact hypothetical Moderate.
B. Immoderate temperaments fall into two categories as well:
q Simple temperaments
In such temperaments the quantity of two elements is equal but the third element outweighs the fourth. That definition adds up to 4 different simple temperaments. For instance if warmness and coldness are equal in quantity, but dryness is bigger than wetness , that temperament is called "dry ".
q Complex Temperament
Neither pair is equal in this temperament. Two elements are always over whelmed by the other two. Overall, under this category we have four temperaments: "warm and dry ", "warm and wet ”, "cold and dry" and "cold and wet".
3- Akhlat (Structural Components)
Structural components are the components into which food is first turned. There are four of them.
A. Bile , which is warm and dry .
B. Blood , which is warm and wet .
C. Phlegm which is cold and wet .
D. Black bile , which is cold and dry .
Below is a chart showing the features of structural components in comparison with elements.

Element

Structural Component

Feature

Fire
Bile
Warm and Dry
Air
Blood
Warm and Wet
Water
Phlegm
Cold  and Wet
Soil
Black bile
Cold  and Dry
 
Each one of the structural components in turn falls into two categories: natural and unnatural.
To have life, water and air are the most important elements respectively. The main components of human body are bile and blood . Human life depends on blood circulation. When circulation stops, life comes to an end. Structural components interact. When there is a balance in relationship among structural components, life becomes sustainable.
Structural components are said to be made up of food. That means food, just like humans, has physical temperaments. Some foods are warm and dry so they make up bile . In fact they have anti-phlegmatic effects. Some others are warm and wet . They make blood and have anti-black bile effects. Another group is cold and wet. That is it helps create phlegm and has anti-bile effect. The last group is cold and dry helps the body make black bile . They have anti-blood effects. Natural drugs such as herbal medicines have physical temperaments, too. These temperaments are used as a basis for prescription of a certain herbal medicine for an illness.
4- Adha (Fully - Grown Organs)
Fully-grown organs are made up of akhlat (structural components). Each one of them has its special features. For instance heart is the warmest organ, while bones are the coldest. Organs fall into two different categories: "Raeesah" and "Qeir Raeesah". The latter in turn falls into two categories "Khadem-ul-Raeesah" and "Qeir Khadem-ul-Raeesah". "Qeir Khadem-ul-Raeesah" organs are either "Maroosah" or "Qeir Maroosah". "Raeesah" organs are instrumental in sustainability of life. Among them are heart, brain, liver and testicles.
Examples of "Khadem-ul-Raeesah" organs are nerves, arteries, and urea, which help brain, heart and liver carry out their functions. Maroosah organs are those which receive the power from Raeesah organs. Among them are kidneys, stomach, spleen, and lungs. Qeir Maroosah organs are those which receive no power from Raeesah organs. Among them are bones and joints.
5- Arwah (Vital forces of life)
Arwah is the plural form of "Ruh ". They are made up of steams of structural components and fall into three different categories.
A. Natural Ruh (Tabiee) , which is pumped into veins from liver. It visits all parts of the body and facilitates nutrition and growth.
B. Animal Ruh (Heywani), which is pumped into arteries from heart and circulate.
C. Spirit Ruh (Nafsani) , which is sent by brain to different parts of the body through nerves. It is the origin of sense and motion.
6- Quwa (Bodily power)
Quwa is the plural form of "Quwat" which is the power granted to human or animal body to do what they want to. Quwa fall into two different categories.
A. The Quwa (powers) which are essential in life.
B. The Quwa (powers) which are essential in reproduction.
The first group in turn falls into three categories.
q Natural powers which are based in liver and are instrumental in nutrition and growth.
q Animal power, which are based in heart and play a role in living functions. While the heart pumping blood , air is taken in and smoke-like steam is forced out of heart and lungs.
q Spiritual powers which are based in brain and control senses and motions. Spiritual powers fall into different categories in turn:
a) Perceptive powers
Perceptive powers in turn fall into external and internal categories. External powers include vision, hearing, smelling, tasting and touching. Internal powers include common sense, imagination, thinking, illusion and memory.
-Common sense is a power, which senses all tangible things.
-Imagination is a power, which retains the effects of what has crossed the line from tangible to common sense.
-Thinking is a power, which makes changes in tangible things like thinking of a headless or two-headed man. The difference between dreaming and thinking is that the first one keeps what it receives from the common sense but the latter makes changes to what dream keeps in it.
-Vahm (Conceit)
-Hafezeh (preserving power)
b) Motive power
Motive power falls into two categories:
-"Ba_etheh" (incentive power), which encourages the person to make a motion which is useful or seems so; or it makes the person stop a motion, which is harmful or seems so.
-"Fa_eleh" (active power) is the power, which makes muscles do what "Ba_etheh" instruct them to.
7. Afaal (functions)
Afaal is the plural form of "Fel" which means task and activity. All the previous six entries are there to carry out certain tasks. Some tasks are accomplished by one single power like digestion and excretion. Some tasks require cooperation of a few powers. Among them are "turning food to structural components" and "turning structural components to "Ruh ", etc.
What was already mentioned reveals that the ITM has its roots in medicine of ancient Iran, folk medicine and the medicine practiced in other countries. It should be mentioned however that Islamic teachings have played a significant role in shaping up the ITM.
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History of Islamic Medicine 25



Ah, spicy food. Is there anything better than a spicy meal, especially when it's homemade? There is no one around to tell you that it's too hot, no overly-cautious cook afraid to add too much piquant, and no one to watch as you sweat bullets and gulp down your molten concoction just the way you like it.
But can spicy food damage our sense of taste? When do we know we've had too much of it? And do quesosakatenango chili peppers really cause hallucinations that send you on a quest to find your soul-mate (for all The Simpsons fans)?
One can experience stomach problems and other conditions if a meal is a bit too zesty. Furthermore, constantly eating hot food can have permanent negative effects on the body. Here's what you need to know about the negative impact spicy food can have.
pepper this, pepper that
A little bit of pepper here and there won't hurt you; most of us add it to our meals not for the sake of making food hotter, but for the aroma. Having said that, let us establish what I mean by spicy food. Here is a small sample list of foods and ingredients that can be too spicy for our own good.
Garlic
Granted, garlic is amazing. Eating one or two cloves of garlic might turn a few heads, but it won't make you see talking coyotes. It is one of the healthiest foods out there, but some people just can't get enough of this good thing. Consuming more than three cloves in one sitting can make one feel a little something brewing in the belly.
Hot chili (jalapeno) peppers
The epitome of hot food, chili peppers have long been used in spicy meals. Indian, Creole and Cajun cuisine rely heavily on jalapenos for chili sauce. Eat one of those little things raw (notice how the smaller they are, the hotter they get) and you'll feel the burn all the way to your ears, literally.
The simple fact that hot peppers are so potent makes me wonder if humans were ever meant to eat them raw. They make a great ingredient, but in my opinion, they shouldn't be eaten on a regular basis.
Horseradish
A popular ingredient in Asian cuisine, this little beige or green root (depending in which part of the world you are in) can pack a wallop and is often overused. Japanese horseradish, or wasabi, is green and used as dip for sushi.
The funny thing about grated horseradish is that it always seems to catch people off-guard. We all know it burns and know it will unclog sinuses for what seems like a million years, but people still always take that extra ounce that puts them over the edge. Some cultures, like the Japanese, enjoy its punch, but horseradish is another spicy culprit to watch out for.
Ginger
Despite its pleasant name, ginger is often misused. Most recipes do not use it enough to make the ingredient harmful, but dried sweet ginger, especially when it's eaten like candy, falls in the category of harmful spicy foods.
negative effects
Now that you know which foods can cause you harm, here is why they shouldn't be overused.
Geographic tongue
Eating potent things can cause a condition known as geographic tongue (genign migratory glossitis). It is believed that geographic tongue is caused by an allergic reaction to certain comestibles. Whether or not it's caused by allergies isn't clear, but spicy food is usually the culprit.
The condition appears quite rapidly and produces irritation by forming strange patterns on the tongue. After an onset, one can have a weakened sense of taste for up to one month. It disappears with time and isn't dangerous, but it can be quite irritating.
Gastritis
An overabundance of spicy food can cause Gastritis. Gastritis is an inflammation in the stomach lining. It is usually triggered by infections, but spicy foods like chili peppers are also believed to reduce the stomach's protective barrier.
Chronic gastritis can produce ulcers by allowing the stomach's own acids to eat away at the lining. Ulcers can heal with time, just like any other lesion, but one must eat milder meals.
Acid reflux
In some people, spicy food can trigger acid reflux disease, which isn't bad per se, but it can be bothersome. Restaurant cuisine often seems to elicit this condition -- all that burping men experience after a nice Italian meal at their favorite bistro isn't a result of bad manners, it's the body not being able to handle all that strange, spicy cuisine.
Chronic acid reflux disease can also lead to esophageal cancer, but only in rare cases. Cutting down on peppery cooking is a good first step to reducing this risk. Acid reflux, especially at night, can also erode teeth.
Bad breath
Garlic and onions are among the worst-smelling things a guy can eat, and they also happen to cause bad breath. Granted, bad breath isn't much of a nuisance, but it can sometimes spell disaster, especially on a nice first date. So avoid spicy cuisine on those nights.
Insomnia
Here's one most men probably didn't know: spicy food is bad for sleep. The cause is quite simple. The body needs to slow down before it can snooze and spicy food raises body temperature (that's why we sweat after a consuming fiery food). If one happens to consume something zesty before going to bed, it can disrupt slumber. The first cycle of sleep is particularly sensitive to hot food.
Damage to taste buds
Finally, constantly eating hot food can permanently reduce the sensation of taste. I often hear people assure others that they will get used to the burning of chili peppers. It's true, people do feel less scorching after years of spicy abuse, but not because the body got "used" to the sensation in question.
Over time, taste buds wear out, making this reduced sensation nothing more than wear and tear of chronic abuse. It's no different from people getting "used" to loud music in clubs -- in both cases the body suffers permanent deterioration.
enjoy heat in moderation
I myself love spicy food, but I also realize that the body feels "pain" for a reason. When the body sends us signals that something is not right, cutting down may be in order. Consuming scorching peppers isn't a sign of manliness; with all the reasons listed above, it's a sign of ignorance, so consume fewer super-spicy meals.
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Quran And Science Episode 2 (The Six Days of Creation)



Indeed your Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth in Six Days, and then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (really in a manner that suits His Majesty). He brings the night as a cover over the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, His is the Creation and Commandment. Blessed be Allah, the Lord of the 'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)!
The descriptions of creation in the Qur'an are not intended as dry historical accounts, but rather to engage the reader in contemplating the lessons to be learned from it. The act of creation, therefore, is frequently spoken of as a way of drawing the reader into thinking about the order in all things, and the All-Knowing Creator Who is behind it all. For example:
"Verily in the heavens and the earth are signs for those who believe. And in the creation of yourselves, and the fact that animals are scattered (through the earth), are signs for those of assured faith. And in the alternation of night and day, and that fact that Allah sends down sustenance from the sky, and revives therewith the earth after its death, and in the change of the winds, are signs for those who are wise" (45:3-5).
Big Bang?
When describing the creation of the "heavens and the earth," the Qur'an does not discount the theory of a "Big Bang" explosion at the start of it all. In fact, the Qur'an says that "the heavens and the earth were joined together as one unit, before We clove them asunder" (21:30). Following this big explosion, Allah "turned to the sky, and it had been (as) smoke. He said to it and to the earth: 'Come together, willingly or unwillingly.' They said: 'We come (together) in willing obedience'" (41:11). Thus the elements and what was to become the planets and stars began to cool, come together, and form into shape, following the natural laws that Allah established in the universe.
The Qur'an further states that Allah created the sun, the moon, and the planets, each with their own individual courses or orbits. "It is He Who created the night and the day, and the sun and the moon; all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its rounded course" (21:33).
Expansion of Universe

The Qur'an also does not rule out the idea that the universe is continuing to expand. "The heavens, We have built them with power. And verily, We are expanding it" (51:47). There has been some historical debate among Muslim scholars about the precise meaning of this verse, since knowledge of the universe's expansion was only recently discovered.
Six Days?
The Qur'an states that "Allah created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days" (7:54). While on the surface this might seem similar to the account related in the Bible, there are some important distinctions.
The verses that mention "six days" use the Arabic word "youm" (day). This word appears several other times in the Qur'an, each denoting a different measurement of time. In one case, the measure of a day is equated with 50,000 years (70:4), whereas another verse states that "a day in the sight of your Lord is like 1,000 years of your reckoning" (22:47). The word "youm" is thus understood, within the Qur'an, to be a long period of time -- an era or eon. Therefore, Muslims interpret the description of a "six day" creation as six distinct periods or eons. The length of these periods is not precisely defined, nor are the specific developments that took place during each period.
After completing the Creation, the Qur'an describes that Allah "settled Himself upon the Throne" (57:4) to oversee His work. A distinct point is made to counter the Biblical idea of a day of rest: "We created the heavens and the earth adn all that is between them in six days, nor did any sense of weariness touch Us" (50:38).
Allah is never "done" with His work, because the process of creation is ongoing. Each new child who is born, every seed that sprouts into a sapling, every new species that appears on earth, is part of the ongoing process of Allah's creation. "He it is Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then established Himself on the Throne. He knows what enters within the heart of the earth, and what comes forth out of it, what comes down from heaven, and what mounts up to it. And He is with you wherever you may be. And Allah sees well all that you do" (57:4).
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History of Islamic Medicine 24



Many are shocked to find out that Islam upholds traditional conservative family values. The children are taught to be respectful to Allah (God), to their parents and to elders. When a baby is born the first thing the parents will do is to make the call to prayer in it's ear: God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest, There is No God but Allah There is No God but Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of God, Muhammad is the Messenger of God, Come to Prayer Come to Prayer, Come to Salvation Come to Salvation, God is the Greatest, God is the Greatest. What a wonderful thing that the very first words an infant hears is that there is a God-Allah, a Messenger-Muhammad, Prayer and a way to Salvation. This is imprinted on the mind of the infant rather then something that is foolishly and rashly spoken out.
The Creation of a Child According to the Qur’an
In several verses of the Noble Qur’an, Allāh (swt) has mentioned the creation and stages of transformation of the child. It is by observing this miracle that one inevitably desires to thank and revere Him, the best of Creators.
In Surat al-Mu’minūn, verses 12-14, He states:
} وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الإِِنْسَانَ مِنْ سُلاَلَةٍ مِّــنْ طِــينٍ ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاهُ نُطْفَةً فِي قَرَارٍ مَّكِينٍ ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْماً ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللٌّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ {
“Certainly We created the human being from an extract of clay. Then We made him a drop of (seminal) fluid (lodged) in a secure abode. Then We created the drop of fluid as a clinging mass. Then We created the clinging mass as a fleshy tissue. Then We created the fleshy tissue as bones. Them We clothed the bones with flesh. Then We produced him as (yet) another creature. So blessed is Allāh (swt), the best of creators!”
In the verses above, Allāh (swt) mentions 7 stages of creation:
Stage 1: The human being initially starts off as clay; in other words, the inorganic constituents of the earth are absorbed into living matter by way of food.
Stage 2: Living matter reproduces itself by means of sperm; thus the human is then made into a seed (the seminal fluid), and placed in a firm resting place (the ovum of a mother).
Stage 3: The first change in the fertilised ovum is the conversion into a sort of clot of thickly congealed blood, or clinging mass.
Stage 4: The zygote cells grow by segmentation; then the mass gradually assumes shape in its growth as a foetus (a lump of fleshy tissue).
Stage 5: From this develops bones.
Stage 6: Flesh now grows on the bones, as do organs and a nervous system.
Stage 7: So far the development of an infant human is like that of an animal. However, a major step is now taken and the foetus becomes a complete human. This is the breathing of Allāh (swt)’s spirit into him. (This may not be at a specific time; rather it may be parallel to that of physical growth.)
On the subject of the creation of the foetus, it is narrated from the Prophet (s): “The seed in the womb of the mother (takes) 40 days to become a clot, then after 40 days it becomes a lump of flesh (foetus); when the child is 4 months old, by the command of Allāh (swt), 2 Angels give the foetus a spirit (rūh) and specify the sustenance (Rizq), period of living, deeds (A‘māl), prosperity and adversity of the child.”
It is perhaps for this reason that it has been suggested that especially after the 40th day of intercourse, one should be extra careful when preparing food. The food must be ritually clean and halāl as this will have an impact on the child.
Imām as-Sādiq (as) also described the process of creation as follows: “After the completion of the materials of the body, Allāh (swt) sends two Angels who have the duty of the creation of the child, and by the permission of Allāh (swt), they create the ears and eyes and all the inner and outer organs (limbs) of the body.”
In Imām Husain’s (as) Du’a of ‘Arafāt, he refers to the process of creation and attempts to count the blessings bestowed by Allāh (swt) in the following manner:
“You originated me by Your blessing before I was a thing remembered.
You created me from dust,
then gave me a place in the loins (of my fathers),
secure from the uncertainty of Fate and the vagaries of
the ages and the years.
I remained a traveller from loin to womb in a time
immemorial of past days
and bygone centuries.
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History of Islamic Medicine 23



Video is at the end of this Article
There are almost 78 organs in a human body which vary according to their sizes, functions or actions. An organ is a collection of millions of cells which group together to perform single function in a human body. The cells in these body organs are highly specialized and formed for all the necessary actions for some specific time. Out of these 78 organs of a male or female body, skin is the largest or biggest organ with respect to its size and weight. The mojor or prerequisite human organ is the brain which handles all the functions and actions of a human body. Other top ten or 10 human body organs are given in the following list with names and functions.
Skin is the largest or biggest human body organ. The average weight of skin in human body is about 10,886 grams which varies according to the size and weight of human being. Human skin is made up of different ectodermal tissues and it protects all the inner body organs like liver, glands, stomach, heart etc. Other functions are heat regulation, interaction with atmosphere, protection from diseases, absorption and sensation.
 
Liver is the second largest organ of male or female human body. Its average weight in a normal human body is 1,560 gms. The liver recieves blood full of digested food from the gut. It stores some foods and delivers the rest to the other cells through blood. The other function of liver is to change the left material into harmless waste called urine.

Brain is the third largest and major organ of human body. Its average weight in a normal human body is 1,263 gms. The brain controls the actions of all the body parts. There are about 100 billion cells in human brain which make about 100 trillion nerve connections with nerve cells for messaging. Medulla oblongata, Midbrain, Hind brain, Cerebellum, Spinal cord and Venticle are some of the major parts of a human brain.

Lungs is the fourth biggest organ of human beings body. The average total weight of the right and left lung in a normal human body is about 1,090 gms. The major function of lungs is to inhale oxygen and exhale carbon dioxide out of the red blood cells. The lungs can hold a total of upto 5 litres of air. The adult lungs have an internal area of over 90 meters, that is about half the area of a tennis court.

Heart is the fifth largest human body organ which is prerequisite for a living human being. The major function of the heart is to pump the blood to every part of the body to deliver the energy to every body cell. In males the average weight of heart is 315 gm while in females this weight is about 265 gms. Ventricles, atrium and aorta are some of the main parts of a human heart.
Kidneys is the sixth largest organ in every human body. There are two kidneys in every human being and the average weight of both the kidneys is about 290 grams. The major function of a kidney is to separate the waste amterial by filtering the blood. Both these kidneys filter our blood 50 times a day. If one kidney stops working the other will enlarge and do the work of two.

 
Spleen is 170 grams heavy and it is the seventh largest or heaviest organ of the human body. It forms the red blood cells pulp and white blood cells pulp. Therefore it is helpful in making the blood and increasing the immunity of the human being.

 
 Pancreas is the eighth largest human organ with an average weight of 98 grams in human body. It is one of the most important gland which produces several hormones including insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin. The pancreas is a dual-function gland, having features of both endocrine and exocrine glands.

 
Thyroid is the ninth biggest one in human organs system. The average weight of thyroid gland in human body is 35 grams. It is the largest gland in the human body. The function of this gland is to produce thyroxine and triiodothyronine hormones.


 
Prostate is the tenth largest human organ gland with a weight of 20 grams.
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