East, Wall, The Sun 12



Development is Terrible without Compatibility ,,,,, it is 12 episode of Shargh , Dewaar , Aaftaab. East , Wall , the Sun is an Iranian documentary film about China's biggest Muslims Province Sinkiang and many other cities of China.  In this episode the commentator will lead you to  Modern Technology  Museum of Shanghai (China) , where a Robot will be watched playing Piano , They generate and made many Robots for welfare use by Humans but then they afraid of that they will lose this power control and option from their hand, but who see and examined their Robots , admire their Robots. The things that are necessary for development can be calculated on finger tips as Economics, Politics and Knowledge, China also started from Politics and Economics because they have knowledge so now they are developing their culture. We can say that Politics and Economics are directly relating with Culture. They made many Mechanical Arms to work , these Arms are for other nations in the world as they have a large number of laborious people that they can work at minimum wages.  You will also visit Shanghai Stock Exchange and Development Plans followed by Chinese Nation to develop and become a Super Power.


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East, Wall, The Sun 10



Orient, Wall and Sun (Shargh Dewar Aftab) is an Iranian TV Documentary Film exploring China to us, this episode has its title " Lets Visit China " آؤختن چلتے ہیں. When traveler went to China , there he saw people coming and going on Main road of Beijing , even the population of that city is very large but they never disturb others who walking, or driving on roads or foot paths. In this part you will visit Turpan (Many times Turpan is written in Urdu/Arabic/Persian تورفان ۔۔ یا طرفان  Turpan, Xinjiang, China) and will see  Emin Minaret and Mosqueتاریخی  مسجد ایمن ،The Emin Minaret was constructed by local craftsmen using local materials. Ruler of City ordered to make this building and after its completion when he visited it then he also ordered to hang builder, ruler was thinking that this mosque and building was not unique and will destroy in few years but ruler also passed away and after many hundred years the building is there and the name of ruler is cited on brick of this building.Relation of Humans and Nature should be friendly, responsible and Erotic. You will also go to Great Wall Museum of China with Cameraman and commentator will inform you ancient importance of Silk Road, its brances , its places and cities where it approached and leaded people from East to West. Silk is a natural fiber , some kinds of silk can be woven in factories, silk was developed in ancient China first time, The Emperors of China strove to keep knowledge of sericulture secret to maintain the Chinese monopoly. But we read and heared a Chinese lady fell in love with a Persian Youth then she hide insect of silk in her hairs and then the secret reveals to the out side China, now a days Chinese tell this story to visitors proudly, now a days they make many a museum in Turpan where Uyghur people live and speak Uyghur language, this language has Arabic Script Style and we can hear a lot of Persian (Farsi) words in this language daily used by Uyghur people.
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Spirit of Allah 1 (Ruhollah Khomeini)



Ayatollah Khomeini became the supreme religious leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979, following many years of resistance to Shah Pahlavi. Following his appointment as Ayatollah, Khomeini worked to remove the Shah from power for his associations with the West. Upon the success of the revolution Ayatollah Khomeini was named religious and political leader of Iran for life.
Born on September 24, 1902, Ruhollah Mousavi whose given name means "inspired of God" was born into a family of Shi'ite religious scholars in the small Iranian village of Khomein. He would later take his hometown as his surname and become known by his more famous moniker, Ruhollah Khomeini. In 1903, just five months after Khomeini's birth, his father, Seyed Moustafa Hindi, was murdered. Khomeini was raised by his mother and an aunt, Sahebeh, both of whom died of cholera in 1918. The responsibility for the family then fell to Khomeini's older brother, Seyed Mourteza. The family claimed to be descendents of the Prophet Muhammad. Both brothers were avid religious scholars like their forefathers, and both attained the status of Ayatollah, which is given only to Shi'ite scholars of the highest knowledge.

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Amir Kabir (Mirza Taqi Khan) Ameer Kabeer



Mirza Taqi Farahani was born in 1807 in Farahan, Iran, entitled Ataback-e Azam (The Chief Minister), Amir Nezaam (The Prince of the State), and Amir Kabir (The Great Prince), is one of the greatest politicians in the recent two centuries of Iran. He initiated reforms that marked the effective beginning of the modernisation of Iran.
At an early age Mirza Taqi learned to read and write despite his humble origins. Because of his natural gift and talent, he mastered the required knowledge and skills when still very young. He joined the provincial bureaucracy as a scribe and, by his abilities, rapidly advanced within the hierarchy of the administration. In 1829, as a junior member of an Iranian mission to St. Petersburg, he observed the power of Russia, Iran's great neighbour. He concluded that important and fundamental reforms were needed if Iran was to survive as a sovereign state. As a minister in Azerbaijan he witnessed the inadequacies of Iranian provincial administration, and during tenure in Ottoman Turkey he studied their progress toward modernisation. Upon his return to Iran in 1847, Mirza Taqi was appointed by Mohammad Shah of Qajar Dynasty to the court of the crown prince, Naser o-Din, in Azerbaijan.
With the death of Mohammad Shah in 1848, Mirza Taqi was largely responsible for ensuring the crown prince's succession to the throne. Out of gratitude, the young monarch appointed him Chief Minister and gave him the hand of his own sister in marriage. At this time Mirza Taqi took the title of Amir Kabir. He gained his Premiership at a time when the affairs of the country were completely ruined and its internal system was totally torn down. Iran was virtually bankrupt, its central government was weak, and its provinces were almost autonomous. During the next two and a half years the Amir initiated important reforms in virtually all sectors of society.
Government expenditure was slashed, and a distinction was made between the privy and public purses. The instruments of central administration were overhauled, and the Amir assumed responsibility for all areas of the bureaucracy. Foreign interference in Iran's domestic affairs was curtailed, and foreign trade was encouraged. Public works such as the bazaar in Tehran were undertaken. A new secular college, the Dar ol-Fonun (The Skills House), was established for training a new cadre of administrators and acquainting them with modern techniques. Among his other accomplishments was the foundation of a newspaper called "Vaqaye Etefaqieh" (The Happened Events).
Many exploits in political affairs as well as in the relationships with the neighbouring and other foreign countries were made; he also attended to the order of Iranian Embassies across the world. The ambassadors of great lands in Iran were behaved in a way as expected from the Premier of an independent and self-governing government.
With a firm, doubtless, strong, and steady will, Amir Kabir continued his reformations and exploitations, and all alone, resisted the most selfish, tyrannous and despotic king of the Qajar Dynasty along with his corrupt relatives, courtiers, and flatterers, among whom some had been excluded from the government. They regarded the Amir as a social upstart and a threat to their interests, and they formed a coalition against him, in which the queen mother was active. She convinced the young Shah that the Amir wanted to usurp the throne.
In October 1851 the Shah dismissed him and exiled him to Kashan, where he was murdered on the Shah's orders on 8 January 1852 (18 Dey 1230 Iranian Calendar or Jalali Calendar) . Historians and those who are acquainted with Amir Kabir and have studied his life and manners appreciate and regard him as a great and remarkable man.
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Festival of Pome-Granate in Iran



It is said that is Pome-Granate  from jannah and it is much Curative for humans and its each Grain has Restoration for a man, Allah granted it to us for our health and taste, its all parts have much benefits for us, its seed, its Juice and its Shell is used for medicines in medical treatments  

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Rais Ali Delvari (Martyred on 4 September 1915)



Rais Ali Delvari was an Islamic Mujahid now remembered as the national hero of Iran, who organized popular resistance against the British troops, which had invaded Iran in 1915.
His house, located in Delvar, near Bushehr, has been transformed into ethnological museum. Some of Rais Ali Delvari's personal items, as well as historic documents of his time, various types of guns and horse caparisoning are exhibited in this museum.
In World War I, Iran was neutral . In reality, Persian forces were affected by the rivalry between the Allied Powers and the Central Powers and took sides based on the conditions. Western interest in Persia was based on its significant oil reserve and its strategic situation between Afghanistan and the warring Ottoman, Russian, and British Empires. Persia was divided into northern and southern spheres of influence under the Anglo-Russian Treaty of 1907. The treaty defined their respective spheres of influence in Iran and Afghanistan and provided a counterweight to German influence.This treaty was widely viewed by Iranians as having made the nation into nothing more than a British and Russian protectorate, so during the World War I, many local rebellions occurred in Iran against the British and Russian forces participating in war against Central powers of World War I.In Northern Iran, Jangal movement of Gilan, was the main operating local force against the British and Russians forces, and in Southern Iran, Qashqai, Tangistani and Laristani tribes were the main resisting power against the British empire. In both Southern and Northern movements, Persian Central Government Gendarmerie supported the rebels (See Persian Campaign ).
During first years of WWI, Rais Ali and Wassmuss were busy formulating a general Anti-British uprising in Persia. In 12th July 1915, Rais Ali and Tangestani's attacked the British residency in Bushehr but they were relapsed . On 8 August 1915 the British forces occupied Bushehr with five hundred more Anglo-Indian cavalrymen and on 14 September removed Mokhber-al-Saltana from Shiraz and installed Habib-Allah Qawām-al-Molk as acting governor of Fars Province. Between August and October 1915, Qawām-al-Molk received financial support from the British . But in late December the British protégé was expelled from Shiraz by pro-German officers of gendarmerie and the radical Democrat Party members who occupied the city and confiscated the British assets. Five days later British ships bombarded the headquarters of the Tangestanis tribal at Dilbar ; and on 3 and 9 September the Anglo-Indians repulsed during bloody clashes several Tangistani raids, in this clashes, Rais Ali was killed .Then the Britishs used pro-British tribes to scatter the enemy into the hinterland.At the end, local tribal leaders murdered the British vice consul (a Persian) in Shiraz.In 26 June 1916 an anti-British uprising broke out in Shiraz, but was put down the next day. The fragile British control over Fārs was disrupted in May 1918 when Ṣawlat-al-Dawla, leading the Qashqais and other pro-German tribal forces from Kazerun, Dashti, Dashtestan and Tangestan, embarked upon a war against the British. Eventually, Ṣawlat-al-Dawla’s uprising subsided due to the spread of influenza and British pressure. In late 1920 Mohammad Mossadegh, the new governor-general of Fārs, reinstated Ṣawlat-al-Dawla to the office of īlḵānī. The South Persia Rifles ended its activities following the British supported coup d’état of 1921, which was followed by the formation of a modern army in Persia and the eventual suppression of tribal rebels.
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Islamic Republic of Great Iran 21 (Road To Persia)



Some historians believe that Hamedan’s construction dates back to 3000 B.C. The city is divided into six main avenues with the Central Square, which was designed by a German engineer in 1982 A.D. This square is considered as the main part of the city.
In Hamedan you can experience very very cold winters because the city is 3580 m above sea level. According to a 1992 survey, Hamedan hosts a population of 374541.
Well, we are not going to make you wait anymore and jump right into the wonderful attractions of Hamedan, this Iranian tourist destination.
The very first place everyone advises you to visit in Hamedan, is Alisadr lake-cave which is situated 120 KM to the north west of Hamedan near a village by the same name, Ali Sadr.
As a matter of fact it is one of the strangest natural features in Iran. It is an endless network of caves full of clean water.
The Alisadr lake-cave was discovered in the 70s and annually thousands of local and foreign tourists visit the site on boat because there is no other way you can walk into. In some sections, the caves are more than 100 meters wide.
The mausoleum of Ibn Sina, known to the Westerners, as Avecinna was built in Hamedan in 1952. Avecinna was born near Bokhara in the year 980AH and died at the age of 57 in Hamedan. He is one of Iran’s most famous philosophers and scientists. His Canon, the first systematic piece of medical science was taught in Europe until the 18th century.
The grave of Avecinna has been placed in the center of a 12 foundation tower and next to it is the grave of Sheikh Abou Saeid Dakhdook, Avecinna’s friend and host.
On the gigantic rocks of Alvand Mountain, the two Achaemenid kings namely Daruis I and Xerxes have described their conquests in an inscription carved in the stone, asking for help from Ahuramazda. The generations that followed could not read the alphabets of the ancient Persia, so they thought the inscription was a guide to a treasury and called it Ganj Nameh, meaningtreasury guide.
Similar to the majority of inscriptions by the Achaemenid kings, this inscription includes greetings to Ahuramazda and the fathers and forefathers of the Persian kings.
Another tourist attraction of Hamedan is Gonbad-e-Alavian or Alavian Dome. Gonbad-e-Alavian was built in the 12th century A.D when Hamedan was a Seljuk capital.
The site is believed to be the mausoleum of the powerful Alavian family who ruled Hamedan after the Seljuks. The interior walls of the main chamber are covered with natural adornments such as twining vines, leaves and flowers.
Actually this green decoration contrasts sharply with the harshness of the deep tomb where several of the Alavian leaders have been buried.
In the South of Hamedan and in a vicinity by the name of Baba Taher is located the tomb of famous Iranian poet, Baba Taher Oryan. The tomb is an ancient one with an octagonal structure and is surrounded with a mesh-like railing. Babab Taher has composed verses in the Lori dialect.
And great Islamic reformer of the East, Seyed Jamal-e-din Asadabadi’s memorial construction has been built in Asad Abad in Hamedan province. He was born in the year 1254 AH and poisoned to death in Turkey in 1314 AH.
Hamedan Province is a strategic mid-western Iranian province that’s just 6 hours driving from Tehran and neighbors Kermanshah, Lorestan and Central provinces of Iran.
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Imam Reza shrine rebellion 12 July 1935



In 1935 a backlash against the modernizing, anti-religious policies of Reza Shah erupted in the Mashed shrine. Responding to a cleric who denounced the Shah's heretical innovations, corruption and heavy consumer taxes, many bazaaris and villagers took refuge in the shrine, chanted slogans such as "The Shah is a new Yezid." For four full days local police and army refused to violate the shrine and the standoff was ended when troops from Azerbaijan arrived and broke into the shrine, killing dozens and injuring hundreds, and marking a final rupture between Shi'ite clergy and the Shah.
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Qasim (Iranian) Won First Position in 29th International Quran Competition



The 29th International Holy Quran Competitions started at Tehran's Milad Tower International Convention Center on Sunday.
Officials and reciters of Holy Quran from more than 65 Muslim and non-Muslim countries have taken part in the six-day event, IRNA reported.
Hojatloleslam Mohammadi Golpayegani, head of the Supreme Leader's office, Seyyed Mohammd Hosseini, Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance, and Iranian MPs and ambassadors were present at the opening ceremony of the event.
Representatives of 65 Muslim and non-Muslim countries took part in the 29th edition of Iran's International Holy Quran Competitions.
The jury of the contest has 14 members, 5 of whom are Iranian and the rest are from other countries.
A Quran memorizer from Isfahan province and a Quran reciter from Khuzestan province will represent Iran in the memorization and recitation sections of the international event.
Iranians win first prizes at 29th International Quran Competition
An Iranian Quran reciter and a memorizer won the first prizes at the 29th International Quran Competition, the organizers announced in Tehran on Friday.
Qasem Moqaddami received the first prize in the recitation category and Hossein Motamedi won the first prize in the memorization category, Persian news agencies reported on Saturday.
They were selected from among over 50 reciters and 40 memorizers competing from about 70 countries.
Majlis Speaker Ali Larijani, Minister of Culture and Islamic Guidance Mohammad Hosseini, and a number of Iranian officials attended an award presentation ceremony held at Tehran’s Milad Tower on Friday.
The second prize in the recitation category was handed to Ezzat Sayyid Rashid from Egypt and the third prize went to Mahmood Salman Ali from Bahrain.
Reciter Sabruddin Abdulrahman from Indonesia was selected as the fourth winner and the fifth was Najam ul Hassan from Bangladesh.
In the memorization category, the second prize was given to Ainul Arefin Rafiqul Islam from Bangladesh, while Abdullah Omar from Libya got the third prize.
The fourth and fifth awards were handed to Mahdi Khair Al-Balil from Sudan, and Abdul Malik Muhammad Rahim from Afghanistan.
A jury panel of 14 selected from Egypt, Malaysia, Algeria, Indonesia, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Lebanon and Iran judged the event.
Egyptian master Quran reciter Ahmed Naina was among the jury members for this year’s competition.
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Iran’s Qasem Moqaddami recites verses of the Holy Quran during the closing ceremony of the 29th International Quran Competition at Tehran’s Milad Tower on June 22, 2012. 
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Reformer of Islamic ummah Ayatollah Khomeini Revived Religion, Islam



The gradual imperial invasions of Ottoman Empire at the hands of Portuguese capitalists in 17th century opened it to the European Colonial careerists. The Empire, for seven centuries (from 1300 AD to 20th century), had had a remarkable, unrivalled expansion in most of the Middle-East and Europe. It marked the glorious times of the spread of Islam to the forbidden corners of world. After being pitted against the Ottomans, the Arabs had successfully yielded to the motives of British occupants for the false promise of independence. But when their designs triumphantly disintegrated the Empire and made Arabs enemies of their brothers in Turkey, British forgot the promise that perhaps they had never intended to keep. Consequently, the most powerful Muslim Empire was rendered dysfunctional within and explicitly began to be rechristened into a National State. Salim III laid the groundwork for new westernizing reforms and established Ottoman embassies in European Capitals. In 1860's the economy slumped and finally the Islamic Empire became bankrupt. The political and economic position of the Empire was in stalemate in 1890's when it conspicuously began to present a vulnerable overture for foreign conquests. Palestine was one of the pivotal parts of Ottoman Empire. In 1897 Zionists held their first conference in Basel to discuss their ultimate aim to create the Israeli state in the Ottoman province of Palestine. Same year marked the death of Sayyid Jammal-ud-din Afghani, a Muslim reformer, who had strived for a consensus amongst the Islamic states to gather and collectively confront the Western colonialism and hegemony. Finally, the publication of the Sykes Picot agreement in 1920 in the wake of Ottoman defeat in First World War, the Empire's provinces were divided between British and French, who established mandates and protectorates to further split the Muslim community of world.
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The Liberation anniversary of Khorramshahr City On 24 May 1982



Khorramshahr is a port city in the Khuzestan province in southwestern Iran. It is approximately ten kilometers north of Abadan. The city extends to the right bank of the Arvand River near its confluent with the Karun River at the junction of the Karun and Shatt al Arab rivers, on the border between Iran and Iraq.
From the beginning of the 20th century until 1980, the city was the main commercial port of Iran which is called Bandar-e-Khorramshahr. A port has existed on the site at least since the time Alexander the Great invaded Iran in 331 BC.
From about 300 BC to AD 1200, the city derived considerable prosperity from trade. In ancient times it had been known as Piyan, and later Bayan.
Khorramshahr"s importance in the 20th century stemmed from its nearness to Abadan, which is situated on a nearby river island and was home to the world’s largest oil refinery at one time. Oil was discovered in Iran in 1908, after which Abadan and Khorramshahr grew rapidly. By the 1930s the two cities were connected to Tehran by air, rail, and road routes. Khorramshahr was captured by Iraq during the opening weeks of the western backed Iraqi invasion of Iran (1980-1988), and occupied until 1982. The city was devastated during the fighting, as was Abadan.
By the end of the war, Khorramshahr had been completely decimated by Saddam Hussein"s forces, with very few buildings left intact.
In the third year of war, ‘Beytol Moqaddas Operation’, (on Khordad 3rd 1361), resulted in the liberation of the important and strategic port of Khorramshahr from the clutches of Iraqi aggressive forces.
On Sep, 22, 1980 Iraq attacked Iran at a time when Iran was least prepared for a war. The Iraqi army supported by western and Arab countries advanced into Iran capturing Khorramshahr and Susangerd and stopped near Ahvaz. Abadan became under siege and was about to collapse when it was suddenly freed through courageous and daring operations by Iranians.
After that, Iran inflicted one defeat after another on the Iraqi army and Khorramshahr was freed after two years, on May, 24, 1982. But the devastating war lasted for 8 years with more than 1,000,000 casualties on each side according to some sources.
About 19,000 Iraqi soldiers were taken prisoner after liberation of Khorramshahr which was occupied for 578 days. During the Beytolmoghaddas Operation 6,000 Iranian soldiers were killed and 24,000 were injured.
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Murtaza Motahhari (Assassinated by a member of the Furqan)



Murtaza Motahhari attended the Hawza of Qom from 1944–1952, and then joined the University of Tehran, where he taught philosophy for 22 years. Between 1965 and 1973 he also gave regular lectures at the Hosseiniye Ershad in Northern Tehran.
Murtaza Motahhari wrote several books on Islam, Iran, and historical topics. His emphasis was on teaching rather than writing. However, after his death, some of his students worked on writing these lectures and manage them in order to publish them as books. As of mid-2008, the "Sadra Publishings" has published more than sixty books of Motahari and about 30 books written about Motahari or quoted from his speeches. Some of them are described below.
Morteza Motahhari opposed what he called groups who "depend on other schools, especially materialistic schools" but who present these "foreign ideas with Islamic emblems". In a June 1977 article he wrote to warn "all great Islamic authorities" of the danger of "these external influential ideas under the pretext and banner of Islam." It is thought he was referring to the People's Mujahideen of Iran and the Furqan Group (Guruh-i Furqan).
On May 1, 1979 Murtaza Motahhari was assassinated by gunshot by a member of the Furqan Group after leaving a late meeting at the house of Yadollah Sahabi. Ordibehesht 12 (1 or 2 May), the Persian date on which Murtaza Motahhari was assassinated, is celebrated as "Teachers Day" in Iran.
Murtaza Motahhari is the father in law of Iran's former secretary of National Security Council Ali Larijani. It was by Motahhari's advice that Larijani switched from Computer Science to Western Philosophy for graduate school.
In honor of Murtaza Motahhari, a major street in Tehran (Takhte Tavoos--Peacock Throne in English) was named after him upon his death shortly after the Iranian revolution in 1979. Murtaza Motahhari Street connects Sohrevardi Street and Vali Asr Street, two major streets in Tehran.
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Streets of Pakistan (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil )



Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil  is a subdivision of Jhelum District, Punjab, Pakistan.[1] It is headquartered at the town of Pind Dadan Khan located on the bank of River Jhelum, about 22 kilometres from the M2 motorway.
The area is well known for Khewra Salt Mines, Asia's largest salt mine, in use for over 2000 years, and which features an underground mosque. The area has a long history going back to the time of Alexander the Great's invasion (see Punjab (Pakistan)). The small town of Jalalpur Sharif is located in Pind Dadan Khan and is said to be where Alexander the Great's famous horse, Bucephalus is buried.
This pind (from Punjabi word for village), is named after Nawab Dadan Khan, the Muslim Governor of Lahore in the 18th century.
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Bazar Bozorg Tehran (iran)



This is the Tehran Bazaar and some surrounding areas. I took these just this summer!
It is hard to imagine how crowded it gets on a holiday...
Thes are only few parts of the Bazaar. As you go in, there are alleys that connect you to several other places like this.

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Tajrish Bazaar (Maydan-e Tajrish) Tajrish Square



The traditional bazaar of Tajrish neighborhood will be renovated over 18 months at an estimated cost of about 28 billion rials.
The Deputy head of Tehran Beautification Organization for technical affairs, announced that the bazaar is close to Emamzadeh Saleh Mausoleum as well as Velenjak, Darband and Darakeh mountain resorts and its renovation is a top priority for Tehran Beautification Organization. The official noted that the project will include reconstruction of the traditional market using both traditional and modern styles, wastewater collection, power, gas, telecommunication installations, as well as repair of small and large shops and passageways.
Tajrish bazaar has been built according to architectural style which closely resembles the traditional bazaar located in downtown Tehran. Some of its arches have been destroyed due to construction of multi-story buildings and its traditional identity has been threatened by irregularity of window shops and external view of new stores. “According to ratification by Tehran Municipality, the bazaar will be organized according to a new plan which will be implemented in cooperation with Tehran Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization.” The official further stated that the project will take 18 solar months and the cost of organizing this economic and trade center in north Tehran has been estimated at about 28 billion rials.
Tajrish bazaar includes a roofed passageway through which thousands of people pass en route to paying pilgrimage to Emamzadeh Saleh or to the Bazaar for purchasing goods.
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Footprint of Friend (Imam Khomeini Mosque in Dushanbe,Tajikistan)



The Imam Khomeini Mosque is a mosque located near Dushanbe, the capital and largest city of Tajikistan.
The mosque was built over 600 years ago. Its name was changed to Imam Khomeini (R.A) about 18 years ago. 
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The Reza Abbasi Museum (The RAM) in Tehran



The Reza Abbasi Museum (The RAM) in Tehran,,,The collection of objects on display in the Reza Abbasi Museum recalls an era that is unknown, mysterious, and full of the endeavors of humans for survival, fighting nature, gaining benefits and victory over the environment. The Reza Abbasi Museum has allocated a part of its activities to short-term and temporary exhibitions. Therefore, it is possible to see on display some works kept in the storage of the Museum. When opportunity arises, this space is available to contemporary masters in different fields of art similar to those objects on permanent display. Therefore, the relationship of the Museum with more groups in society is enhanced and works of art from the past and present can be seen together.Watch and Enjoy!

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French Painter and Iran 3 (Ozen Flanden)



Vank Cathedral The Church of the Saintly Sisters Vank Church
Vank Cathedral was one of the first churches to be established in the city's Jolfa district by Armenian immigrants settled by Shah Abbas I after the Ottoman War of 1603-1605. The varying fortunes and independence of this suburb across the Zayandeh River and its eclectic mix of European missionaries, mercenaries and travelers can be traced almost chronologically in the cathedral's combination of building styles and contrasts in its external and internal architectural treatment.
Construction is believed to have begun in 1606, and completed with major alterations to design between 1655 and 1664 under the supervision of Archbishop David. The cathedral consists of a domed sanctuary, much like a Persian mosque, but with the significant addition of a semi-octagonal apse and raised chancel usually seen in western churches. The cathedral's exteriors are in relatively modern brickwork and are exceptionally plain compared to its elaborately decorated interior.
The interior is covered with fine paintings and gilded carvings and includes a wainscot of rich tile work. The delicately blue and gold painted central dome depicts the Biblical story of creation of the world and man's expulsion from Eden. Pendentives throughout the church are painted with a distinctly Armenian motif of a cherub's head surrounded by folded wings. The ceiling above the entrance is painted with delicate floral motifs in the style of Persian miniature. Two sections, or bands, of murals run around the interior walls: the top section depicts events from the life of Jesus, while the bottom section depicts tortures inflicted upon Armenian martyrs by the Ottoman Empire.
The courtyard contains a large freestanding belfry towering over the graves of both Orthodox and Protestant Christians. A tile work plaque inscribed in Armenian can be seen by the entrance to the cathedral; graves are also placed along the exterior wall before the entrance, with inscriptions in Armenian. In one corner of the courtyard is a raised area with a memorial to the 1915 Armenian Genocide in Turkey. Across the courtyard and facing the cathedral is a building housing a library and museum; outside of this building are several carved stones showing scenes from the Bible
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Shiraz (City of Poets and Flowers)



Shiraz is the capital of Fars province, one of the most beautiful, historical cities in the world. Farsi (Persian or Parsi) the language of Ancient Fars (Pars), has become the official language of Iran (Persia).
Shiraz with more than 850,000 inhabitants situated in southwestern Iran, in the inland around 200 km from the Persian Gulf, at an elevation of 1,800 metres above sea level.
Different people have lived in the Fars province such as the Aryans, the Samis and the Turks, who worked together to form the Iranian culture.
The first Capital of Fars, some 2500 years ago, was Pasargad. It was also the capital of Achaemenid King Cyrus the Great. The ceremonial capital of his successor, Darius I (or Darius the Great), and his son Xerxes, was Persepolis. Today, only the ruins of these two capitals remain. Stakhr was another capital of Fars. It was established by the Sassanids and lasted until Shiraz finally assumed the role of the regional capital.
Shiraz is also the birthplace and resting place of the great Persian poets Hafez and Saadi. There are two remarkable monuments in Shiraz. One is dedicated to Hafez, the master of Persian lyrical poetry. The other one is dedicated to Sa'adi, the author of the famous Golestan, a book of sonnets called the Garden of Roses.
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Sahebqaraniyeh Palace in Iran



Sahebqaraniyeh Palace,,,The cultural and historical complex of Niavaran is situated in a great garden in an eleven hectare area, with historical and natural attractions. The monuments of this complex belong to the Qajar and the Pahlavi eras.
At the beginning the Qajar rulers used this place for their summer resort. Fath Ali Shah Qajar instructed building of a garden in the Tehran outskirts. This garden was built near the “Gordevey’ or “Gordebeh’ village which was situated in today’s Niavaran. This garden was built on the reed-bed (neyzar) place. This garden was called “Neyavaran” which later became famous as Niavaran. Mohammad Shah as well erected a small building in this garden. Following him Naser ed din Shah erected the Sahebqaranieh Palace in this garden. The last building which was built in this garden is famous as Kooshk Ahmad Shahi.Sahebqaraniyeh Palace is an interested place to visit.
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